A number of other countries have implemented changes in law that significantly reduce the extent of criminalization of marijuana use. Only in Australia and the Netherlands have there been any changes on the criminalization of the supply side and in neither of those countries is it legal to both produce and sell the drug. The relaxations so far, with the exception of the Netherlands, have not been very great i.e. have not much changed the legal risks faced by a user of marijuana. Thus it is perhaps not surprising that the changes in prevalence of use have not been substantial. This paper provides a brief review of the changes that have been tried outside the US. The emphasis is on the nature of the changes and how they have been implemented rather than on outcomes.
Two reports by TNI published earlier this month have raised critical issues surrounding the upcoming elections in Burma, expected sometime later in 2010. Below, a piece from the Asia Times looks at these in the context of the country's complex political situation.
McChrystal's departure has highlighted not only how mired in conflict the US has become - but also the striking similarities between Vietnam - now the second longest War in US history - and Afghanistan.
As international pressure builds in opposition to Israel's occupation and blockade of Gaza, it seems the Flotilla Crisis may turn out to be one of those moments in history when action by civil society proves it can tip the balance in international affairs in the struggle for justice.
European Union subsidies earmarked for reducing air travel's contribution to climate change may help develop deadlier warplanes than those already found in the world's arsenals, Brussels officials have admitted.
The International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) is a global network of 134 NGOs that focus on issues related to drug production, trafficking and use. IDPC promotes objective and open debate on the effectiveness, direction and content of drug policies at the national and international level, and supports evidence-based policies that are effective at reducing drug-related harm. Our advocacy...
The Vienna Declaration is a statement seeking to improve community health and safety by calling for the incorporation of scientific evidence into illicit drug policies. We are inviting scientists, health practitioners and the public to endorse this document in order to bring these issues to the attention of governments and international agencies, and to illustrate that drug policy reform is a matter of urgent international significance. We also welcome organizational endorsements.
Wachovia made a habit of helping move money for Mexican drug smugglers. Wells Fargo & Co., which bought Wachovia in 2008, has admitted that its unit failed to monitor and report suspected money laundering by narcotics traffickers – including cash used to buy four planes that shipped a total of 22 tons of cocaine. The admission came in an agreement that Wachovia struck with federal prosecutors, and it sheds light on the largely undocumented role of U.S. banks in contributing to the violent drug trade that has convulsed Mexico. (See also: Wachovia's Drug Habit)
Giorgina Garibotto is a sociologist specializing in social demography. She has worked on public health issues for ten years. She has carried out research for the IDES Institute and as a TNI consultant on issues of drug trafficking and consumption, HIV, and sexually transmitted diseases. She has also worked with other national and international organization to promote health projects for...
Sandra G. Edwards has lived in Ecuador since 1991, where she has worked for the Latin American Council of Churches and international NGOs. Since 1995 she has worked as an independent consultant on issues of human rights and forced migration for NGOs such as Oxfam-UKI and the American Friends Service Committee. She is also a consultant for WOLA, monitoring U.S. drug policies and its impact on...
Raúl Alejandro Corda received a law degree from the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) in 1998. He is now a teacher and researcher at the UBA. Since 1993, he has worked in the national judiciary, and has been the Secretary of Justice in the Federal Criminal Jurisdiction since 2001. Corda is a member of Intercambios AC , an NGO that works on drug policy issues.
Luciana Boiteux de Figueiredo Rodrigues is a Doctor of Criminal Law, and is currently an Assistant Professor of Criminal Law at the Federal University of Río de Janeiro. She is the coordinator of the Policy Research Group on Drugs and Human Rights at the same university. She also works with the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies on Psychoactive Drugs ( Núcleo de Estudios Interdisciplinares...
A country by country overview of drug laws and trends in legislation in Latin America. Designed for press, this document summarizes countries’ stands on possession of drugs for personal consumption and explains key drug law reforms underway.
For press inquiries, or to be added to our mailing list, please contact Kristel Mucino, Communications Coordinator for the TNI/WOLA Drug Law Reform Project:
Recently, the UNODC has begun to take notice of the impact of its counternarcotics work on human rights. Antonio Maria Costa, the current executive director, has set out a series of recommendations for internal reform intended to improve the agency's human rights performance. This leadership on human rights is very welcome, and much needed, but it may already be under threat. Costa leaves his post at the end of July. Unfortunately, the current frontrunner for the role of UN drug tsar is the candidate being pushed by the Russian government.
Campaigners call on the EU to change trade policies which lead to human rights and environmental crimes in developing countries, as the EU trade commissioner meets with the European Parliament (22 June) to discuss ongoing policy.
TNI has been involved in international drugs policy work since the 1998 UN General Assembly Special Session on Drugs (UNGASS). This new report summarises the lessons of 10 years of work in this field, emphasising drug controls that respect human rights: the rights of farmers caught in the illicit economy to a life in dignity; decriminalisation of drug use; and the promotion of harm reduction approaches where they are proven to save lives.