19 items
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    El desierto chileno donde las mulas expían sus culpas

    21 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2014
    Other news

    hile_arica_mulasEn la Ley de Drogas chilena, el artículo 22 señala que si un preso coopera con la policía reduce su condena. En la perversión de la norma, reos con capacidad económica preparan envíos de droga sólo para delatar a mulas y burreros, personas de escasos recursos que transportan cocaína y mariguana. Aquí el recorrido del colectivo Dromómanos por esa ruta, en la última entrega para Domingo de la serie “Narcotráfico en América”.

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    Los pobres se benefician del principio de favorabilidad

    18 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2014

    Ecuador_Defensora_revista13Ecuador - Durante los tres primeros meses, más de 1.200 personas han sido beneficiadas por la aplicación del principio de favorabilidad (Defensoría Pública – Dirección Nacional de Investigaciones Aplicadas, noviembre 2014), en un claro sentido de vanguardia a los derechos fundamentales por parte de los jueces. Sin embargo, aún persisten escenarios donde prima la miopía judicial frente a la legítima exclamación de no continuar privados de la libertad por obra de una ley derogada. Por ello, el principio de favorabilidad además de ser un ideal y fin en sí mismo, ha servido de método para autocriticarnos y demostrar que, en algunos casos, todavía nos hace falta estar a la altura de la Constitución y los derechos humanos. Este es el momento de corregir estos desfases y no esperar que pasen otros cien años… (Jorge Paladines) 

    Ver aquí la publicación completa de la Defensoría Pública del Ecuador

  3. Guatemala may weigh softer drug punishments in liberalization push

    14 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    Guatemala will weigh easing punishments for minor narcotics-related offenses as part of a push to liberalize drug policy and explore regulating production of opium poppies and marijuana for medical use, President Otto Perez said. A government-backed commission delivered an interim report on the president's legalization proposal in September and Perez said the final recommendations should be ready by March or the second quarter of next year.

  4. Ecuador is freeing thousands of drug mules

    06 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    In Latin America’s latest challenge to Washington’s “war on drugs,” Ecuador has quietly begun releasing thousands of convicted cocaine smugglers. The move is a result of the country’s new criminal law, which took effect August 10. It treats “drug mules” who commit the low-profit, high-risk offense more as vulnerable people exploited by cartels than as hardened criminals. Around 500 mules have already been freed and at least another 2,000 are expected to follow, says Jorge Paladines, national coordinator of the Public Defender’s Office.

  5. Costa Rica: A new model for prison standards in Latin America?

    28 သြဂုတ်လ 2014
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    Prison overcrowding is a widespread problem in Latin America, primarily because of harsh drug-sentencing laws and inadequate budgets, but Costa Rica may be setting a useful example for dealing with it. In most countries, guards control the perimeter, but groups of prisoners or criminal gangs organize and control life inside the prison compound. Rehabilitation and re-integration programs are limited.

  6. Nonsense to arrest for a spliff

    Icaria Editorial
    11 သြဂုတ်လ 2014
    Other news

    The attorney general, Patrick Atkinson, must move with dispatch to determine, as the justice minister, Mark Golding, suggests, whether the police can proceed by issuing summonses to, rather than arresting, persons who are to be prosecuted for possession of small amounts of marijuana. The idea makes sense in the face of the Government's declared policy to decriminalise ganja use, but has added urgency following last week's death, apparently the result of a severe beating while in a Montego Bay police lock-up, of Mario Deane, who was arrested for a ganja cigarette. (See also: Ganja decision should not be based on votes)

  7. Ganja growers demand amnesty on weed arrests

    09 သြဂုတ်လ 2014
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    A call has been made for the government to declare an amnesty on all arrests for the possession of under one pound of marijuana. The plea from the Ganja Future Growers Producers Association was made following the death of Mario Deane who was in the custody of the State. Deane was arrested and held at the Barnett Street police station lock-up in western Jamaica for possession of a marijuana spliff. While in custody, he was beaten and died in hospital a few days later.

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    Mulas y expendedores de droga pueden pedir libertad desde el lunes

    06 သြဂုတ်လ 2014
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    La nueva legislación sobre las drogas en Ecuador diferencia al expendedor en pequeña escala del gran traficante. Según este principio, la Defensoría Pública calcula que la entrada en vigencia del Código Orgánico Integral Penal (COIP) beneficiará a unas 2 000 personas privadas de libertad por microtráfico. Con base en esta ley, los ­detenidos podrían recuperar su libertad, siempre y cuando un juez determine que han pagado su condena.

  9. Ecuador set to release minor drug offenders in move away from harsh laws

    05 သြဂုတ်လ 2014
    Other news

    Around 2,000 inmates convicted of low-level drug offences could be released in Ecuador under a new criminal code, as countries across the Americas slowly move away from harsh punishments for minor drug crimes. In an interview with El Comerico, Ecuador's chief public defender, Ernesto Pazmiño, said that thousands of people convicted of drug possession, street sales or acting as "mules" (couriers) will have their cases reassessed after the country's new Integrated Penal Code comes into force.

  10. The injustice of marijuana arrests

    27 ဇူလိုင်လ 2014
    Other news

    America’s four-decade war on drugs is responsible for many casualties, but the criminalization of marijuana has been perhaps the most destructive part of that war. The toll can be measured in dollars — billions of which are thrown away each year in the aggressive enforcement of pointless laws. It can be measured in years — whether wasted behind bars or stolen from a child who grows up fatherless. And it can be measured in lives — those damaged if not destroyed by the shockingly harsh consequences that can follow even the most minor offenses.

  11. Reimagining Drug Policy in the Americas

    27 ဇွန်လ 2014

    Latin America is now at the vanguard of international efforts to promote drug policy reform: Bolivia has rewritten its constitution to recognize the right to use the coca leaf for traditional and legal purposes, Uruguay has become the first nation in the world to adopt a legal, regulated Cannabis market, and Colombia, Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador are openly critiquing the prevailing international drug control paradigm at the UN. And now with the United States itself relaxing its marijuana laws state by state, the U.S. prohibitionist drug war strategies are losing credibility in the region.


  12. Prisoners sentenced with unconstitutional norms have the right to be resentenced

    Grazia Zuffa
    04 ဇွန်လ 2014
    In the media

    In February, the Italian Constitutional Court ruled that most of the 2006 drug law norms were unconstitutional. Following this pronouncement, at the end of May, the Court of Cassation decided that people sentenced and incarcerated under the illegitimate norms have the right to be resentenced. The decision may affect about 10.000 prisoners detained for cannabis crimes.

  13. 'Thousands of inmates' can soon be released under drug law

    28 မေလ 2014
    Other news

    A new decree that overhauls Italy's drugs laws paves the way for releasing "thousands of convicted smalltime drug dealers from prison". The move follows parliamentary approval of a decree earlier this month that overhauls Italy's drugs laws and reclassifies marijuana as a soft rather than a hard narcotic. The new law also effectively removes jail time as a sentence for smalltime dealers, offering community service and other options in its place. (See also: Council of Europe lauds Italian moves on prison overcrowding)

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    Sólo en el 3% de las causas por drogas se investiga al contrabando

    22 ဧပြီလ 2014
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    narcotrafico-1869146w300"El caso de las mulas es un ejemplo de qué es lo que se persigue con la Ley de Estupefacientes. Un estudio realizado por Alejandro Corda, de la Asociación Civil Intercambios, indica que cerca del 70% de las mujeres que están en prisión en cárceles Argentinas cayó por delitos relacionados con drogas. De ese total, un 90% son extranjeras, en su mayoría de países latinoamericanos".


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    El Senado mexicano debate rebajar penas por tenencia de marihuana

    20 မတ်လ 2014
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    haz-un-churroEl Senado mexicano debate una propuesta de ley para excarcelar a personas que cumplen sentencia por microconsumo o microposesión de cannabis sin fines comerciales. La iniciativa excluiría a quienes cometieron violencia o portaban una cantidad mayor a los 50 gramos. Actualmente las leyes en México clasifican como delitos de narcomenudeo la tenencia entre 5 gramos y 5 kilos de marihuana, un rango enorme que puede ser castigado con la misma pena: alrededor de tres años de prisión. (Veáse también: Iniciativa para disminuir la sobrepoblación penitenciaria)

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    Penas por drogas llenan las cárceles

    01 မတ်လ 2014
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    carcelEl Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) advierte a países de América Latina que la sobrepenalización de los delitos relacionados con drogas, incluida la posesión, es parte de la crisis carcelaria que se experimenta en los países de la región. El Informe Regional de Desarrollo Humano 2013-2014 Seguridad Ciudadana con Rostro Humano: Diagnóstico y Propuestas para América Latina, señala que en cuanto al consumo de drogas, los datos muestran que la violencia y el delito vinculados directamente con el consumo de drogas, son marginales.

  17. Italy's strict drug law goes up in smoke

    16 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2014
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    On February 12, the Constitutional Court ruled that the Fini-Giovanardi law setting out penalties related to the sale and possession of illegal drugs, was improperly approved, and abrogated the law. Since then, Italy has returned to previous regulations that imposed lighter sanctions on cannabis users. Prisoners' rights organisations argued that harsh drug laws have created a booming prison population in a system that is already overcrowded. Since January 2013, Italy's prisons have been under the scrutiny of the European Court of Human Rights.

  18. Italy relaxes cannabis penalties

    12 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2014
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    Italy's Constitutional Court struck down an anti-drug law from 2006 that imposed tough sentencing for the sale and possession of cannabis, putting it on the same level as heroin and cocaine.

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    El Tribunal Constitucional revoca la ley que triplicaba la condena por el consumo de cannabis

    11 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2014
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    El Tribunal Constitucional italiano ha revocado la ley sobre drogas que triplicaba la pena para aquellos condenados por posesión o consumo de 'drogas blandas' como el cannabis. La normativa era considerada una de las causas de la superpoblación de las cárceles del país. La denominada ley Fini-Giovanardi equiparaba el uso, posesión, o venta de todas las drogas, ya fuesen duras o blandas, por lo que una persona acusada de vender hachís podía ser condenada a entre seis y veinte años de prisión o a pagar una multa de entre 26.000 y 260.000 euros.