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    ¿Cómo va la marihuana legal en Estados Unidos?

    Francisco Thoumi
    09 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    Las elecciones de 4 de noviembre en Estados Unidos pueden considerarse como un avance importante de los movimientos que buscan cambios en las políticas de drogas. Tales avances incluyen el aumento de las jurisdicciones donde la producción, el mercadeo y el consumo medicinal y no medicinal de marihuana se permiten de manera regulada, así como el debilitamiento en las políticas asociadas con la llamada “guerra contra las drogas”. Por otro lado, los resultados de estas elecciones complican la política internacional que Estados Unidos ha promovido por largo tiempo y debilitan el sistema internacional de control de drogas.

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    Nueva York suaviza su política policial contra la marihuana

    09 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    El comisario, junto al alcalde, enseña 25 gramos de marihuanaLa policía de Nueva York dejará de detener a las personas que posean hasta 25 gramos de marihuana y se limitará a citarlas ante el juez, que podría imponerles una multa o la sanción que considere oportuna, según anunció este lunes el alcalde Bill de Blasio, en un cambio radical de la política contra el pequeño delito mantenida durante años. El objetivo del nuevo alcalde demócrata es cumplir con una de las promesas que le llevaron al poder y mitigar los efectos indeseados del stop and frisk (la policía puede parar y registrar a una persona simplemente por su aspecto), que tantas quejas ha provocado de las organizaciones de derechos civiles.

  3. The dark-horse policy reform that has both Obama and some GOPers optimistic

    09 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    With Democrats holding the White House and Republicans controlling both chambers of Congress, it's been suggested that the odds are slim of any major legislation becoming law over the next two years. But officials in the Obama administration and on Capitol Hill say there is one issue that may have enough cross-party appeal to break through the logjams. That issue is criminal justice reform. During the 2014 midterm elections, voters approved sweeping drug and criminal justice reform measures in multiple states, setting the stage for what may prove to be even more significant policy shifts over the next two years and beyond.

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    Critica ONU legalización de mariguana en estados de EU

    11 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    La semana pasada, los ciudadanos de Alaska y Oregón aprobaron en un referendo la posesión, el cultivo y la venta de mariguana sumándose a Washington y Colorado. La decisión de legalizar la mariguana para uso recreativo "no está en línea con las convenciones internacionales" sobre drogas, declaró el máximo responsable de las Naciones Unidas en la lucha contra los narcóticos, Yuri Fedótov. "No veo cómo (el uso recreativo de esa droga) puede ser compatible con las convenciones existentes", declaró Fedótov, director ejecutivo de la Oficina de la ONU contra la Droga y el Delito (ONUDD). (Véase también: El control de drogas visto desde Washington)

  5. U.S. states' pot legalization not in line with international law: U.N. agency

    12 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    Moves by some U.S. states to legalize marijuana are not in line with international drugs conventions, the U.N. anti-narcotics chief said, adding he would discuss the issue in Washington next week. 

  6. Pot legalization: Gateway to what?

    12 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) plans to stay on the sidelines of future pot legalization campaigns – already supported by groups plotting ballot campaigns in 2016 – and pour resources into fights for criminal justice reform. One model to replicate is California's Proposition 47, approved by 58 percent to lower penalties for drug possession and other nonviolent crimes. "We would love to be able to have ballot initiatives in a number of states that may look very similar to Proposition 47," says ACLU's Alison Holcomb . "Hopefully we will be able to find states where we can go further and say, ‘Let’s decriminalize the possession of drugs and let’s talk about what we can do to address drug use and abuse.’"

  7. A top UN official is not happy about US states legalizing weed

    13 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The UN's top narcotics official said on Wednesday that recent votes by US states to legalize marijuana have put America in deeper violation of the international conventions that guide drug policy around the world. Earlier this month, voters in Oregon, Alaska, and Washington DC legalized the recreational use and sale of marijuana. Similar ballot initiatives have already passed and taken effect in Colorado and Washington.

  8. GOP congressman: Republicans should embrace marijuana legalization

    13 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The federal courthouse in right-leaning Orange County, Calif., is named after former president and Republican Party icon Ronald Reagan. Countless drug cases prosecuted in that building can be traced back to an expanded war on drugs under the 40th president, who once called marijuana “probably the most dangerous drug.” The Republican congressman who represents the land of Reagan, however, wants marijuana legalized. After winning reelection in a landslide last week despite that well-publicized position, Rep. Dana Rohrabacher returned to Capitol Hill on Thursday with a message for his party.

  9. The UN really wishes that voters in Alaska and Oregon hadn’t legalized weed

    13 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Yury Fedotov, said that state-level marijuana legalization initiatives in the U.S. are violations of longstanding international drug treaties. "I don't see how [state-level marijuana legalization] can be compatible with existing conventions," he said according to Reuters. Fedotov's remarks are coming less than a month after Assistant Secretary of State Brownfield outlined an official policy of "flexibility" in the U.S.'s interpretation of existing U.N. drug control conventions, which require countries to outlaw the sale and use of cannabis. (See also: Fatal attraction: Brownfield's flexibility doctrine and global drug policy reform)

  10. California’s Attorney General thinks legal weed is inevitable

    17 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    California was one of the first to legalize medical marijuana in 1996, but so far hasn’t legalized it for recreational use, like Colorado, Washington. “I am not opposed to the legalization of marijuana. I’m the top cop, and so I have to look at it from a law enforcement perspective and a public safety perspective. I think we are fortunate to have Colorado and Washington be in front of us on this and figuring out the details of what it looks like when it’s legalized,” she said. “I don’t think it’s gonna take too long to figure this out,” Harris said. “I think there’s a certain inevitability about it.”

  11. Stir it up: Bob Marley to headline corporate cannabis brand

    17 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The Marley family and a Seattle-based private equity firm announced the creation of Marley Natural, "a premium cannabis brand rooted in the life and legacy" of one of marijuana’s most devoted sons. Marley Natural will look like a modern consumer product, cleanly packaged and marketed with the help of the same agency that branded New Balance and Starbucks Coffee. The cannabis will be sold as "loose packed" buds, oils or concentrate. "This is what the end of prohibition looks like," said Brendan Kennedy, CEO of Privateer Holdings, which owns Marley Natural. (See also: Riding high: Is pot poised for a (legal) business boom | Marley Natural: The weed that manages to sell out both Bob Marley and Jamaica)

  12. Is ‘Big Marijuana’ inevitable?

    18 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    It looks like the use of recreational marijuana is heading down the path of legalization across the country. Voters in Alaska, Oregon and the District of Columbia approved legalizing measures on Nov. 4, but with key differences. Some say a profit-driven model for legalization runs the risk of increasing marijuana use, while others argue that a regulated market is the best way to keep use safe for consumers. What’s the right approach to legalizing recreational marijuana?

  13. Fatal attraction: Brownfield's flexibility doctrine and global drug policy reform

    Martin Jelsma, David Bewley-Taylor, Damon Barrett
    18 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Article

    State-level cannabis reforms, which gathered steam this month, have exposed the inability of the United States to abide by the terms of the legal bedrock of the global drug control system; the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. This is something that should force a much-needed conversation about reform to long- standing international agreements. But while ostensibly 'welcoming' the international drug policy reform debate, it is a conversation the US federal government actually wishes to avoid.

  14. All the progress made on marijuana legalization could vanish with a new president

    18 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The movement to end marijuana prohibition has made significant progress recently, but it could all be undone when the next president takes office in 2017. Harvard economist Jeff Miron, a supporter of marijuana policy reform, highlighted the precarious nature of state marijuana laws in an op-ed for CNN on why Congress needs to act now on federal marijuana policy. "Federal law still prohibits marijuana, and existing jurisprudence (Gonzales v. Raich 2005) holds that federal law trumps state law when it comes to marijuana prohibition," Miron wrote.

  15. Why Congress should legalize pot

    18 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    Federal law still prohibits marijuana, and existing jurisprudence (Gonzales v. Raich 2005) holds that federal law trumps state law when it comes to marijuana prohibition. So far, the federal government has mostly taken a hands-off approach to state medicalizations and legalizations, but in January 2017, the country will have a new president. That person could order the attorney general to enforce federal prohibition regardless of state law. Whether that will happen is hard to forecast. If more states legalize marijuana and public opinion continues its support, Washington may hesitate to push back.

  16. Pot luck

    18 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    Smoking, growing, buying, selling or merely possessing cannabis is a criminal offence, according to America's federal government. Ask the states, however, and you will get almost 50 different answers. In 13 of them possession of the drug has been decriminalised, meaning that tokers face only minor penalties if caught. In 23 it has been legalised for medical use. And in four—including, following ballot initiatives earlier this month, Alaska and Oregon—cannabis has been legalised outright. In all only 22 states, fewer than half the total, continue to treat the drug as criminal contraband under all circumstances.

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    Atracción fatal: la doctrina de la flexibilidad de Brownfield y la reforma global de las políticas de drogas

    Martin Jelsma, Damon Barrett
    19 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014

    Las reformas estatales sobre el cannabis, que han cobrado impulso este mes, han puesto al descubierto la incapacidad de los Estados Unidos para atenerse a las disposiciones del fundamento jurídico del sistema global de control de drogas: la Convención Única de 1961 sobre Estupefacientes. Esto es algo que debería propiciar un diálogo muy necesario sobre la reforma de unos acuerdos internacionales que tienen ya muchos años. Pero aunque aparentemente ‘acoge con satisfacción’ el debate sobre la reforma de las políticas de drogas a escala internacional, se trata de un diálogo que el Gobierno federal estadounidense de hecho desea evitar.

  18. Du Río de la Plata au Lac Léman

    • Frank Zobel, Marc Marthaler
    19 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Policy briefing

    La politique vis-à-vis du cannabis est en rapide évolution. Ainsi, les citoyens de l'Alaska et de l'Oregon, comme ceux de Washington DC, la capitale des Etats-Unis, viennent à leur tour de légaliser la possession de cannabis et, pour les deux premiers, d'autoriser un marché régulé pour cette substance. Des expériences de ce type sont depuis peu en cours ailleurs aux Etats-Unis et dans le monde. Quelles leçons peut-on déjà en tirer? Addiction Suisse propose une vue d'ensemble des développements les plus récents dans les Amériques, en Europe et en Suisse.

     

  19. Du Río de la Plata au Lac Léman

    • Frank Zobel, Marc Marthaler
    19 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Report

    La politique vis-à-vis du cannabis est en rapide évolution. Ainsi, les citoyens de l'Alaska et de l'Oregon, comme ceux de Washington DC, la capitale des Etats-Unis, viennent à leur tour de légaliser la possession de cannabis et, pour les deux premiers, d'autoriser un marché régulé pour cette substance. Des expériences de ce type sont depuis peu en cours ailleurs aux Etats-Unis et dans le monde. Quelles leçons peut-on déjà en tirer? Addiction Suisse propose une vue d'ensemble des développements les plus récents dans les Amériques, en Europe et en Suisse.

     

  20. The great American relapse

    21 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Other news

    The face of heroin use in America has changed utterly. Forty or fifty years ago heroin addicts were overwhelmingly male, disproportionately black, and very young. Most came from poor inner-city neighbourhoods. These days, the average user looks different. More than half are women, and 90% are white. The drug has crept into the suburbs and the middle classes. And although users are still mainly young, the age of initiation has risen: most first-timers are in their mid-20s. The spread of heroin to a new market of relatively affluent, suburban whites has allowed the drug to make a comeback, after decades of decline.

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