ရှာလို့ရသောရလဒ်များ

159 items
  1. The UN Drug Control Conventions

    • Amira Armenta, Martin Jelsma
    08 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2015
    Primer

    For more than ten years, TNI’s Drugs & Democracy programme has been studying the UN drug control conventions and the institutional architecture of the UN drug control regime. As we approach the 2016 UNGASS, this primer is a tool to better understand the role of these conventions, the scope and limits of their flexibility, the mandates they established for the CND, the INCB and the WHO, and the various options for treaty reform.

  2. Las convenciones de drogas de la ONU

    • Amira Armenta, Martin Jelsma
    07 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2015
    Primer

    Durante más de diez años, el programa Drogas y Democracia del TNI ha estudiado las convenciones de control de drogas y la arquitectura institucional del régimen de control de drogas de la ONU. Ahora que se aproxima la UNGASS de 2016, esta guía básica es una herramienta para comprender mejor el papel de estos convenios, el alcance y los límites de su flexibilidad, los mandatos que ellos establecen para la CND, la JIFE y la OMS, así como las diversas opciones que existen para la reforma de los tratados.

  3. IDPC recommendations for the "ZERO DRAFT" of the UNGASS outcome document

    • International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    22 ဇူလိုင်လ 2015

    Preparations are gathering pace for the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on drugs, to be held on the 19th to 21st April 2016 in New York. Following several months of discussion on procedural elements, attention is now focused on negotiating the content of the "short, substantive, concise and action-orientated outcome document comprising a set of operational recommendations" to be approved by the General Assembly next April. At the CND intersessional meeting on 12th June, countries and regional groups were invited to submit their first ideas for what could be included in this Outcome Document, by a deadline of 11th September.

  4. The 2015 Commission on Narcotic Drugs

    • International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    14 ဇွန်လ 2015

    The international drug control regime is facing the most profound challenge of its existence. Member states have for some time been experimenting with new responses to the ‘world drug problem’; however, the advent of legally regulated cannabis markets has resulted in a ratcheting up of these challenges to expose the system to new levels of strain. With the 2016 UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the world drug problem fast approaching, how will the international community make use of the opportunity it provides for a free and open debate?

  5. The Road to UNGASS 2016

    • International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    14 ဧပြီလ 2015

    On 19th to 21st April 2016, there will be a United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) held in New York, dedicated to the issue of drug policy. The General Assembly is the highest policy making and representative organ of the United Nations (UN), and its infrequent Special Sessions focus on pertinent topics at the request of member states. The UNGASS on drugs has the potential to be a ground-breaking, open debate about the international drug control system – but there is much work to be done to ensure that it fulfils that potential.

  6. TNI calls for a wide-ranging and open debate that considers all options at UNGASS 2016

    Martin Jelsma
    11 မတ်လ 2015
    Article

    Just over one year away from the 2016 UNGASS, denying the reality that the drug policy landscape has fundamentally changed and that tensions with the UN drug conventions are occuring, is no longer a credible option. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urged member states to use the 2016 UNGASS on drugs "to conduct a wide-ranging and open debate that considers all options." TNI calls for a special advisory group that should be tasked with recommending how to better deal with the contentious issues following the 2016 UNGASS, in preparation for the next UN high-level review in 2019.

  7. TNI llama a un debate amplio y abierto que considere todas las opciones en la UNGASS 2016

    Martin Jelsma
    10 မတ်လ 2015
    Press release

    A poco más de un año de la UNGASS 2016, no tiene ninguna credibilidad negar la realidad de que el panorama de la política de drogas ha cambiado y que se está violando el sistema. El Secretario General Ban Ki-moon instó a los Estados miembros a utilizar la UNGASS 2016 sobre drogas para "llevar a cabo un debate amplio y abierto que considere todas las opciones". TNI llama a armar un grupo consultivo de expertos que abarque cuestiones clave y desarrolle recomendaciones para lidiar mejor con temas polémicos después de la UNGASS 2016, en preparación de la próxima revisión de alto nivel de la ONU en 2019.

  8. The ketamine controversy, continued

    Martin Jelsma
    06 မတ်လ 2015
    Opinion

    The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in Vienna will decide next week between two opposite proposals by China and the WHO about international control of ketamine, an essential anaesthetic in human and veterinary medicine. China originally proposed bringing ketamine under the 1971 Convention’s most severe control regime of Schedule I, which would dramatically affect its availability for surgery in poor rural settings and emergency situations. The WHO Expert Committee reviewed all the evidence and advised against any international control of ketamine, arguing it would trigger a public health disaster.

  9. Thumbnail

    Reguleer wiet, en niet alleen de achterdeur

    Tom Blickman
    25 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2015
    Opinion

    oped-spong-nrc-thumbDe advocaten Spong, Smeets en Vis houden een pleidooi voor het reguleren van de achterdeur van de coffeeshops in een opiniestuk in het NRC. Zij zetten zich af tegen de criminologen Fijnaut en De Ruyver die bepleiten dat cannabis social clubs het alternatief zijn voor de coffeeshop. De advocaten noemen de cannabis club "een doodlopende weg". Met het reguleren van de achterdeur is niets mis, maar waarom zou het daartoe beperkt moeten blijven? Waarom zouden coffeeshops het monopolie op de verkoop van wiet moeten hebben?

  10. La decisión de la Comisión de Estupefacientes de clasificar la ketamina socavaría el mandato encomendado a la OMS por los tratados de drogas

    Martin Jelsma
    18 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2015
    Article

    Al 58º período de sesiones de la CND, que tendrá lugar en marzo de 2015, se le ha pedido que considere una propuesta de China para incluir la ketamina –un medicamento esencial utilizado para la anestesia– en la Lista I del Convenio de 1971 (E/CN.7/2015/7 y E/CN.7/2015/81). La ketamina es el único anestésico disponible para cirugías esenciales en la mayoría de las zonas rurales de los países en desarrollo en donde viven más de dos mil millones de personas. La clasificación de la ketamina en cualquiera de las listas del convenio de 1971 reducirá su disponibilidad y profundizará aún más la crisis ya aguda de la cirugía en el mundo.

  11. CND decision to schedule ketamine would undermine WHO treaty mandate

    Martin Jelsma
    16 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2015
    Article

    The UN Commission considers to bring ketamine under the control of the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances contrary to WHO recommendations. The 58th Session of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in March 2015 has been asked to consider a Chinese proposal to place ketamine – an essential medicine used for anaesthesia – in Schedule I of the 1971 Convention (E/CN.7/2015/7 and E/CN.7/2015/81). Ketamine is the only available anaesthetic for essential surgery in most rural areas of developing countries, home to more than 2 billion of the world’s people. Scheduling ketamine under any of the 1971 treaty schedules will reduce its availability and further deepen the already acute crisis of global surgery.

  12. Presentación: Auge y caída de la prohibición del cannabis

    • Martin Jelsma
    10 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2015

    Auge y caída de la prohibición del cannabis - Presentación hecha por Martin Jelsma el 11 de febrero de 2015 en Montevideo con motivo de la apertura de una exhibición sobre el cannabis en la casa Bertold Brecht.

  13. Illegal drugs laws: Clearing a 50-year-old obstacle to research

    • David Nutt
    26 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2015

    The United Nations drug control conventions of 1960 and 1971 and later additions have inadvertently resulted in perhaps the greatest restrictions of medical and life sciences research. These conventions now need to be revised to allow neuroscience to progress unimpeded and to assist in the innovation of treatments for brain disorders. In the meantime, local changes, such as the United Kingdom moving cannabis from Schedule 1 to Schedule 2, should be implemented to allow medical research to develop appropriately.

  14. Has the US just called for unilateral interpretation of multilateral obligations?

    Rick Lines, Damon Barrett
    17 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2014
    Opinion

    These are interesting times for drug law reform, which, as it gathers pace, is asking important questions of international law. A UN General Assembly Special Session on Drugs is set for 2016 just as national reforms are challenging international treaties that form the bedrock of a global prohibition regime that has dominated since the turn of the twentieth century. States parties to the three UN drug control conventions must now confront the legal and political dilemmas this creates. This is the situation in which the US now finds itself following cannabis reforms in various states that are at odds with these treaties.

  15. The 'Fifth Stage' of Drug Control

    Rick Lines (University of Essex)
    30 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Article

    Writing in 1996, Norbert Gilmore noted that ‘little has been written about drug use and human rights. Human rights are rarely mentioned expressly in drug literature and drug use is rarely mentioned in human rights literature.’ [1] Almost twenty years later, the literature examining drug control issues through the lens of international human rights law has grown, but the total body of peer reviewed commentary and analysis in this area would barely rank the issue as a footnote in the broader human rights lexicon.

  16. Into the breach: Drugs, control, and violating bad laws in good ways

    Rick Lines
    27 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Opinion

    An October statement on drug control from the US State Department has prompted much comment and speculation at home and abroad. Delivered by Ambassador William Brownfield, the ‘Brownfield Doctrine’, as it has been named by some commentators, lays out a four pillar approach the United States will follow in matters of international drug control.

  17. Thumbnail

    Atracción fatal: la doctrina de la flexibilidad de Brownfield y la reforma global de las políticas de drogas

    Martin Jelsma, Damon Barrett
    19 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014

    Las reformas estatales sobre el cannabis, que han cobrado impulso este mes, han puesto al descubierto la incapacidad de los Estados Unidos para atenerse a las disposiciones del fundamento jurídico del sistema global de control de drogas: la Convención Única de 1961 sobre Estupefacientes. Esto es algo que debería propiciar un diálogo muy necesario sobre la reforma de unos acuerdos internacionales que tienen ya muchos años. Pero aunque aparentemente ‘acoge con satisfacción’ el debate sobre la reforma de las políticas de drogas a escala internacional, se trata de un diálogo que el Gobierno federal estadounidense de hecho desea evitar.

  18. Fatal attraction: Brownfield's flexibility doctrine and global drug policy reform

    Martin Jelsma, David Bewley-Taylor, Damon Barrett
    18 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Article

    State-level cannabis reforms, which gathered steam this month, have exposed the inability of the United States to abide by the terms of the legal bedrock of the global drug control system; the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. This is something that should force a much-needed conversation about reform to long- standing international agreements. But while ostensibly 'welcoming' the international drug policy reform debate, it is a conversation the US federal government actually wishes to avoid.

  19. Pushing treaty limits?

    Wells C. Bennett
    19 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2014
    Multi-media

    Suppose the United States government helps to negotiate, and subsequently champions, certain framework treaties – ones justly viewed as imposing significant constraints on all signatories. Down the road, the United States occasionally even calls out counterparties for their looser policy innovations, when the latter push the outer boundaries of what’s permitted under the treaties; a treaty-created monitoring body does likewise in its annual reporting. This pattern essentially holds year in and year out and from one presidential administration to the next.

  20. brookings-paper

    Marijuana legalization is an opportunity to modernize international drug treaties

    • Wells Bennett, John Walsh
    14 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2014

    Two U.S. states have legalized recreational marijuana, and more may follow; the Obama administration has conditionally accepted these experiments. Such actions are in obvious tension with three international treaties that together commit the United States to punish and even criminalize activity related to recreational marijuana. The administration asserts that its policy complies with the treaties because they leave room for flexibility and prosecutorial discretion.

စာမျက်နှာများ