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909 items
  1. How to determine personal use in drug legislation

    • Grazia Zuffa
    23 သြဂုတ်လ 2011

    Distinguishing between drug possession for personal use and supply and trafficking is widely acknowledged as one of the most difficult and controversial issues facing drug legislators and policy makers. To address the problem, two solutions are typically enacted: the threshold scheme and the "flexible" model.

     

    Versione italiana (PDF)

  2. "Achterdeur open U"

    • Martin Jelsma
    09 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2006

    Het Nederlandse cannabisbeleid verkeert al decennia in een internationaalrechtelijke schemerzone, stelt Martin Jelsma van het Transnational Institute (TNI). Nederland gedoogt de verkoop van kleine hoeveelheden softdrugs in coffeeshops (de zogenaamde voordeur), maar de aanvoer ervan (de achterdeur) is tot dusver verboden. In de loop der jaren is hierdoor een omvangrijke illegale sector ontstaan in Nederland die de coffeeshops bevoorraadt met nederwiet. Een kamermeerderheid wil nu het gedoogbeleid uitbreiden door een experiment met een gereguleerde aanvoer van wiet aan de achterdeur van coffeeshops, maar het kabinet is tegen.

  3. Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate

    • Robin Room, Peter Reuter (RAND), Wayne Hall, Benedikt Fischer, Simon Lenton, Amanda Fielding
    01 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2008

    Despite cannabis being the most widely used illegal drug, and therefore the mainstay of the ‘war on drugs’, it has only ever held a relatively marginal position in international drug policy discussions. Amanda Fielding of the Beckley Foundation decided to convene a team of the world’s leading drug policy analysts to prepare an overview of the latest scientific evidence surrounding cannabis and the policies that control its use. The report of the Beckley Foundation's Global Cannabis Commission is aimed at bringing cannabis to the attention of policymakers and guide decision making.

     

     

     

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    Política sobre cannabis: más allá del callejón sin salida

    • Robin Room, Peter Reuter (RAND), Wayne Hall, Benedikt Fischer, Simon Lenton, Amanda Fielding
    01 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2008

    cannabis-commission-reportA pesar de que el cannabis es la droga ilegal más consumida y, por tanto, uno de los pilares de la ‘guerra contra las drogas’, se trata de una sustancia que sólo ha ocupado un lugar relativamente marginal en los debates internacionales sobre políticas de drogas. Amanda Fielding, de Beckley Foundation, decidió convocar un grupo de importantes analistas de todo el mundo especializados en políticas sobre cannabis para preparar una panorámica de las últimas evidencias científicas en torno al cannabis y las políticas que regulan su consumo. El informe de la Comisión Mundial sobre Cannabis de la Beckley Foundation pretende llamar la atención de los encargados de políticas sobre el cannabis.

    application-pdfCannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate

  5. Mexico: The Law Against Small-Scale Drug Dealing

    • Jorge Hernández Tinajero, Carlos Zamudio Angles
    01 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2009

    In August 2009, Mexico adopted a new law against small-scale drug dealing, which introduces some significant advances in key subjects, such as the recognising of and distinguishing between user, drug addict and dealer. However it still has significant flaws in continuing to treat demand and supply of drugs as a criminal and market phenomenon that are likely to undermine its successful application.

     

  6. Prohibition, a backwards step

    • Diana Esther Guzmán, Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes
    01 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2010

    In December 2009, the Congress in Colombia passed a reform to the 1991 Constitution, which considered the possession and consumption of certain quantities of drugs for personal use legal, to enact constitutional prohibition. This briefing shows the changes that this constitutional amendment entails and evaluates the principle potential consequences.

     

  7. Drug Policy and the Courts: A Brazilian experience

    • José Henrique Rodrigues Torres
    01 သြဂုတ်လ 2009

    This report is a personal response from the author on the issue of Drug Policy and The Courts. A year ago, in the author’s professional practice, he felt duty-bound to make a decision that overturned Brazilian case-law and ran contrary to domestic legislation as regards possession of controlled substances.

     

  8. Pardon for Mules in Ecuador

    • Pien Metaal
    01 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2009

    At the end of 2008, about 1,500 persons were released who were in Ecuadorian prisons sentenced for drug trafficking. The measure, known as “pardon for mules,” singled out a specific group of prisoners who were victims of indiscriminate and disproportionate legislation that was in effect for many years.

     

  9. Trends in Drug Law Reform in Europe and Latin America

    • Martin Jelsma
    26 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2010

    This presentation gives a short overview of legislative reforms in Europe and Latin America that provide lessons learned in practice about less punitive approaches intended to reduce drug-related harm to the individual and society.  Evidence suggests that fears that softening drug laws and their enforcement would lead to sharp increases in drug use, have proven untrue.

     

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    La política de drogas y su confrontación en el ambito judicial

    • José Henrique Rodrigues Torres
    01 သြဂုတ်လ 2009

    dlrEl presente informe es una reflexión personal del juez brasileño José Enrique Rodrigues, quien en el ejercicio de su profesión, hace un año se sintió obligado a tomar una decisión distinta a los fallos dictados por otros jueces en casos similares, transgrediendo con ello la jurisprudencia en casos de posesión de sustancias controladas, y desafiando a la vez la propia legislación brasilera en la materia por su ambigüedad.

    application-pdfDescargar el informe (248 KB)

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    México: Ley contra el narcomenudeo

    • Jorge Hernández Tinajero, Carlos Zamudio Angles
    01 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2009

    dlrAnte el crecimiento exponencial del crimen organizado, la violencia y el aumento alarmante del consumo de drogas durante los últimos años en México, el Presidente Felipe Calderón propuso una iniciativa de ley como parte de su estrategia general de seguridad con el fin de combatir el comercio de drogas a pequeña escala, conocido en México como "narcomenudeo". La ley fue aprobada por ambas cámaras legislativas del Congreso en abril de 2009.

    application-pdfDescargar el informe (188 KB)

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    La prohibición como retroceso

    • Diana Esther Guzmán, Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes
    01 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2010

    dlrEn Colombia se ha hecho recientemente una reforma a la Constitución en virtud de la cual se prohíbe el porte y consumo de la dosis personal. Este informe muestra los cambios que implica esta reforma y realiza un balance de las principales consecuencias que puede tener, al menos en el plano normativo.

    application-pdfDescargar el informe (189 KB)

  13. Drugs and Democracy: Toward a Paradigm Shift

    01 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2009

    The statement presents the main findings of the Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy. Prohibitionist policies based on the eradication of production and on the disruption of drug flows as well as on the criminalization of consumption have not yielded the desired results, concludes . We are further than ever from the announced goal of eradicating drugs. Breaking the taboo, acknowledging the failure of current policies and their consequences is the inescapable prerequisite for the discussion of a new paradigm leading to safer, more efficient and humane drug policies.

     

  14. TNI-EMCDDA Expert Seminar on Threshold Quantities

    20 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2011

    A wider trend for drug law reform is arising out of a felt need to make legislation more effective and more humane. Within this trend, a number of countries have considered decriminalisation or depenalisation models and many have, at least initially, considered threshold quantities as a good way to distinguish between what is possession and what is supply or trafficking and as a means to ensure that the sentences imposed are proportionate to the harmfulness of the offence.

     

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    Drug users and the law in the EU

    • European Monitoring Centre for Drugs, Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
    01 မတ်လ 2002

    dif0302Drug laws in the European Union (EU) seek continuously to strike a balance between punishment and treatment. The three United Nations (UN) conventions on drugs, limit drug use exclusively to medical or scientific purposes. While they do not call for illicit use of drugs to be considered a crime, the 1988 Convention — as a step towards tackling international drug trafficking — does identify possession for personal use to be regarded as such.

    application-pdfDownload the document (PDF)

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    Los consumidores de drogas y la ley en la UE

    01 မတ်လ 2002

    dif0302sLa legislación en la Unión Europea (UE) en materia de drogas pretende encontrar un equilibrio entre la sanción y el tratamiento. Los tres convenios y convenciones de las Naciones Unidas sobre estupefacientes limitan exclusivamente el consumo de drogas a un interés médico o científico. Si bien no consideran delito el consumo ilícito de drogas, la Convención de 1988, como paso adelante para hacer frente al tráfico internacional de drogas, señala que la posesión de drogas para consumo personal debería considerarse un delito.

    application-pdfDescargar el documento (PDF)

  17. Drug Law Reform in Ecuador

    • Sandra Edwards, Coletta Youngers
    01 မေလ 2010

    In Ecuador, the Correa government’s comprehensive justice sector reform project includes significant changes in drug legislation. The country has one of the most punitive drug laws in the hemisphere. In a perversion of justice, those accused of drug offenses are assumed guilty unless they can prove their innocence, mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines ensure excessively long sentences and arrest quotas have led to the imprisonment of growing numbers of those at the lowest end of the drug trafficking trade.

     

  18. Drug Decriminalization in Portugal

    • Glenn Greenwald
    01 ဧပြီလ 2009

    On July 1, 2001, a nationwide law in Portugal took effect that decriminalized all drugs, including cocaine and heroin. Under the new legal framework, all drugs were “decriminalized,” not “legalized.” Drug possession for personal use and drug usage itself are still legally prohibited, but violations of those prohibitions are deemed to be exclusively administrative violations and are removed completely from the criminal realm.

     

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    Decriminalisation in Europe?

    • European Monitoring Centre for Drugs, Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
    01 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2001

    decrim-europeThis brief report analyses the similarities and differences in legal attitudes to drug use and possession across Europe in light of the recent changes in 2001.

    application-pdfDownload the document (PDF)

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    Decriminalization of Drug Use in Portugal

    • Mirjam van het Loo, Ineke van Beusekom, James P. Kahan
    01 ဇူလိုင်လ 2002

    publicationDrug use is an increasing problem in Portugal. In response, following the advice of a select committee, the Portuguese government has recently issued a number of laws implementing a strong harm-reductionistic orientation. The flagship of these laws is the decriminalization of the use and possession for use of drugs.

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