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49 items
  1. Improving global drug policy: Comparative perspectives and UNGASS 2016

    • Vanda Felbab-Brown, Harold Trinkunas (eds)
    28 ဧပြီလ 2015

    As the world prepares for the 2016 Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS 2016), an increasing number of countries around the world now find the regime’s emphasis on punitive approaches to illicit drugs to be problematic and are asking for reform. In this moment of global disagreement, the Brookings project on Improving Global Drug Policy provides a unique comparative evaluation of the effectiveness and costs of international counternarcotics policies and best approaches to reform.

  2. The United States rethinks draconian drug sentencing policies

    • Elizabeth Lincoln
    27 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2015

    Across the Americas, an unprecedented debate on drug policy reform is underway. While a regional consensus on what form those reforms should take remains elusive, there are at least two issues where consensus is growing: the need to address drug use as a public health, rather than criminal, issue and the need to promote alternatives to incarceration for low-level, nonviolent drug offenders and ensure proportionality in sentencing for drug-related crimes. Draconian drug laws were often adopted in Latin American countries with the encouragement – if not outright diplomatic, political and economic pressure – from the U.S. government.

  3. Selling cannabis regulation

    • Emily Crick, Mark Cooke, David Bewley-Taylor
    29 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Policy briefing

    In 2012, voters in the US states of Washington, Colorado and Oregon were given the opportunity to vote in ballot initiatives for the creation of legally regulated cannabis markets. Washington’s Initiative 502 and Colorado’s Amendment 64 both passed with 55.7% and 55.3% of the vote respectively. Oregon’s Measure 80 failed with 53.4% of those voting rejecting the measure. As calls for and legal processes towards the initiation of cannabis policy reform become more common within US states, it is a timely and useful exercise to reflect upon the campaigns for reform in Washington (WA), Colorado (CO) and Oregon (OR) and examine why the public supported cannabis policy reform in some instances and not others.

  4. Du Río de la Plata au Lac Léman

    • Frank Zobel, Marc Marthaler
    19 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Policy briefing

    La politique vis-à-vis du cannabis est en rapide évolution. Ainsi, les citoyens de l'Alaska et de l'Oregon, comme ceux de Washington DC, la capitale des Etats-Unis, viennent à leur tour de légaliser la possession de cannabis et, pour les deux premiers, d'autoriser un marché régulé pour cette substance. Des expériences de ce type sont depuis peu en cours ailleurs aux Etats-Unis et dans le monde. Quelles leçons peut-on déjà en tirer? Addiction Suisse propose une vue d'ensemble des développements les plus récents dans les Amériques, en Europe et en Suisse.

     

  5. Du Río de la Plata au Lac Léman

    • Frank Zobel, Marc Marthaler
    19 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2014
    Report

    La politique vis-à-vis du cannabis est en rapide évolution. Ainsi, les citoyens de l'Alaska et de l'Oregon, comme ceux de Washington DC, la capitale des Etats-Unis, viennent à leur tour de légaliser la possession de cannabis et, pour les deux premiers, d'autoriser un marché régulé pour cette substance. Des expériences de ce type sont depuis peu en cours ailleurs aux Etats-Unis et dans le monde. Quelles leçons peut-on déjà en tirer? Addiction Suisse propose une vue d'ensemble des développements les plus récents dans les Amériques, en Europe et en Suisse.

     

  6. brookings-paper

    Marijuana legalization is an opportunity to modernize international drug treaties

    • Wells Bennett, John Walsh
    14 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2014

    Two U.S. states have legalized recreational marijuana, and more may follow; the Obama administration has conditionally accepted these experiments. Such actions are in obvious tension with three international treaties that together commit the United States to punish and even criminalize activity related to recreational marijuana. The administration asserts that its policy complies with the treaties because they leave room for flexibility and prosecutorial discretion.

  7. Reimagining Drug Policy in the Americas

    27 ဇွန်လ 2014

    Latin America is now at the vanguard of international efforts to promote drug policy reform: Bolivia has rewritten its constitution to recognize the right to use the coca leaf for traditional and legal purposes, Uruguay has become the first nation in the world to adopt a legal, regulated Cannabis market, and Colombia, Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador are openly critiquing the prevailing international drug control paradigm at the UN. And now with the United States itself relaxing its marijuana laws state by state, the U.S. prohibitionist drug war strategies are losing credibility in the region.

     

  8. Moving Away from Drug Courts

    • Drug Policy Alliance (DPA)
    30 ဧပြီလ 2014

    Drug courts have spread across the country, yet available research does not support their continued expansion. Most drug courts do not reduce imprisonment, do not save money or improve public safety, and fail to help those struggling with drug problems. The drug court model must be corrected to play a more effective role in improving the wellbeing of people involved in the criminal justice system who suffer substance misuse problems – while preserving scarce public safety resources.

  9. third-way-marijuana

    Marijuana legalization: Does Congress need to act?

    • Graham Boyd, Sarah Trumble, Lanae Erickson Hatalsky
    11 ဧပြီလ 2014
    Report

    Despite a federal prohibition on marijuana possession, sale, and use, Colorado and Washington recently became the first states to enact laws legalizing the recreational use of this drug. Although the Obama Administration has taken steps to attempt to deal with this evolving situation, we believe the status quo is untenable and Congress must act to provide certainty and a framework for these states moving forward. This report explains the problem and offers a solution.

  10. Cover of RAND report on Cannabis production regimes

    Multinational overview of cannabis production regimes

    • Beau Kilmer, Kristy Kruithof, Mafalda Pardal, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Jennifer Rubin
    14 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2013

    This RAND report provides an overview of the changes to laws and policies pertaining to cannabis in different countries. Several jurisdictions have reduced the penalties for possessing cannabis for personal use (and in some places even for home cultivation), while some jurisdictions have taken more dramatic steps and changed their laws and practices with respect to producing and distributing cannabis.

  11. gdpo1

    Legally regulated cannabis markets in the US

    • Emily Crick, Heather J. Haase, David Bewley-Taylor
    14 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2013

    In November 2012, voters in two US states – Washington and Colorado – approved ballot initiatives to establish legally regulated markets for the production, sale, use and taxation of cannabis (commonly referred to in the US as marijuana). This is the first time anywhere in the world that the recreational use of the drug will be legally regulated – the wellknown coffee shop system in the Netherlands is merely tolerated rather than enshrined in law. Needless to say, with implications both within and beyond US borders, the drug policy community is watching Colorado and Washington closely.

  12. idpc-latin-america

    The drug policy reform agenda in the Americas (Version 2)

    • Coletta Youngers
    15 သြဂုတ်လ 2013

    At the root of the drug policy debate in Latin America is growing recognition that present policies have failed to achieve the desired objectives, the extremely high costs of implementing those policies paid by Latin American countries, and the need to place higher priority on reducing unacceptably high levels of violence. Of particular concern is the spread of organized crime and the resulting violence, corruption and erosion of democratic institutions.

  13. idpc-latin-america

    The drug policy reform agenda in the Americas

    • Coletta Youngers
    30 ဧပြီလ 2013

    Latin America has emerged at the vanguard of efforts to promote debate on drug policy reform. For decades, Latin American governments largely followed the drug control policies and programs of Washington’s so-called war on drugs. Yet two parallel trends have resulted in a dramatic change in course: the emergence of left-wing governments that have challenged Washington’s historic patterns of unilateralism and interventionism and growing frustration with the failure of the prohibitionist drug control model put forward by the US government.

  14. The International Drug Control Treaties

    • Heather J. Haase, Nicolas Edward Eyle, Sebastian Scholl , Joshua Raymond Schrimpf
    31 ဇူလိုင်လ 2012
    Paper

    The way the world looks at drug control is changing. There has been a growing awareness of the issue for the past decade, as well as increasing public outcry over what many see as a failure of the once popular "war on drugs." Nowhere is this battle more pronounced than in the so-called "marijuana wars," which are slowly growing into an old-fashioned standoff between the states and the federal government.

     

  15. Thumbnail

    Un proceso en ciernes

    • Amira Armenta, Pien Metaal, Martin Jelsma
    25 ဇွန်လ 2012

    dlr21sEl debate político sobre las drogas en Amé­rica Latina está dando pasos notorios. Los cambios legislativos que están introdu­ciendo varios de los países de la región revelan tam­bién una tendencia innegable a alejarse de la “guerra contra las drogas”. Este informe ex­plica los antecedentes de la apertura del de­bate sobre las políticas de drogas en la región, resume los aspectos más relevantes de las reformas a las leyes de drogas que actual­mente cursan en algunos países y propone una serie de recomenda­ciones de políticas que podrían ayudar a avanzar el debate de manera productiva.

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  16. Rumiando la prohibición del khat

    • Martin Jelsma, Pien Metaal, Axel Klein
    18 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2012

    En el marco de un mercado de ‘euforizantes legales’ muy dinámico y bien documentado, el caso del khat (también escrito ‘qat’, Catha edulis) ofrece una interesante anomalía. Se trata, en primer lugar, de una sustancia derivada de una planta que se somete a un procesamiento o transformación mínima en el recorrido entre el campo y el mercado. Y en segundo, el khat se ha consumido durante cientos –si no miles– de años en las tierras altas del África oriental y el sur de Arabia. En los países europeos, el consumo de khat se observó por primera vez durante la década de 1980, pero sólo ha suscitado una mayor atención en los últimos años.

     

  17. Chewing over Khat prohibition

    • Martin Jelsma, Pien Metaal, Axel Klein
    10 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2012

    In the context of a fast changing and well documented market in legal highs, the case of khat (Catha edulis) provides an interesting anomaly. It is first of all a plant-based substance that undergoes minimal transformation or processing in the journey from farm to market. Secondly, khat has been consumed for hundreds if not thousands of years in the highlands of Eastern Africa and Southern Arabia. In European countries, khat use was first observed during the 1980s, but has only attracted wider attention in recent years.

  18. Drug Policy in the Andes

    • Coletta Youngers, Socorro Ramírez
    15 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2011

    Fifty years after signing the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and 40 years after the U.S. government declared a "war on drugs," many obstacles remain despite the partial successes of efforts to counter the problem. The Andean-United States Dialogue Forum, noted with concern how drug policy has monopolized the diplomatic and economic agenda between the Andean countries, contributing to tensions among the governments and impeding cooperation on other crucial priorities, such as safeguarding democratic processes from criminal networks.

     

  19. Thumbnail

    Hay que reducir los daños, ya que no podemos reducir el consumo

    • Peter Reuter (RAND)
    01 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2011

    nexos_septiembre2011Reducir el consumo o la prevalencia no es un buen objetivo de la política antidrogas. Lo que sabemos sobre los efectos reales de esta política obliga a poner como criterio principal la reducción de daños. Debemos concentrarnos sólo en reducir las consecuencias adversas del consumo de drogas, tanto en el aspecto internacional como en los ámbitos nacionales. No es una opción, es lo único que podemos hacer.

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  20. Thumbnail

    ¿Qué hay de nuevo en el debate actual sobre el régimen global de las drogas?

    • Ricardo Vargas
    22 ဇွန်လ 2011

    El Informe de la Comisión Global de Política de Drogas no busca cambiar las Convenciones de Naciones Unidas sino abrir un debate sobre la conveniencia de seguir manteniendo los supuestos conceptuales y ciertas políticas que se derivan de sus soportes teóricos. No tiene el Informe una pretensión maximalista y reúne tanto principios como recomendaciones que se mueven en un escenario pragmático de cambios razonables. Es evidente que hay temas no abordados en profundidad, sobre todo los relacionados con la producción de materia prima para su procesamiento, el tráfico, las violencias que se asocian a este y muchos otros elementos que intervienen en el agravamiento de los problemas relacionados con las drogas ilegales.

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