In recent years, Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) have started to include rules for the digital economy as a result of pressure from Big Tech. These trade measures are potentially damaging to a country’s possibilities of digital industrialisation, permanently locking in advantages for the richest nations. This summary analyses the most important points being negotiated by Indonesia with the European Union and RCEP.
A pre-review of kratom (Mitragyna speciosa), a tree native to Southeast Asia, and its two principal psychoactive alkaloids (mitragynine, 7-hydroxymitragynine), is on the agenda of the 44th WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) for their 11-15 October 2021 meeting. Kratom and its compounds have not previously been reviewed by WHO and are not currently under international control, but a number of Southeast Asian and European countries as well as Australia have varying levels of national controls in place. How did kratom get on the ECDD agenda? And what are the chances that this process will ultimately lead to kratom being put under international control?
Mizue Aizeki, Geoffrey Boyce, Todd Miller, Joseph Nevins, Miriam Ticktin
06 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2021
On January 20, 2021, his first day in office, President Biden issued an executive order pausing the remaining construction of the southern border wall initiated during the Trump administration. Soon after, the White House sent a bill to Congress, the US Citizenship Act of 2021, calling for the deployment of “smart technology” to “manage and secure the southern border.”
أثارت جائحة كوفيد 19شهدت تونس تغيّرات جذريّة خلال العشريّة الماضية ومازالت ستواجه المزيد منها خلال السنوات المقبلة، إذا ما ظلّ الاتحاد الأوروبي (إأ) على نفس النهج. بصفتها البلد الأوّل الذي أطاح بديكتاتوره في بداية 2011، أطلقت تونس سلسلة من الثورات على امتداد شمال افريقيا وغرب آسيا قادت إلى إعادة تشكيل سياسية مازالت آثارها مستمرّة إلى حدّ الآن. وفيما ما يزال يُنظر عمومًا إلى تونس كقصّة "نجاح" بالنسبة لـ "الربيع العربي"، يتبيّن أنّ الانتقال في الواقع هو أكثر تعقيدًا ممّا يبدو عليه الأمر.
El régimen de arbitraje de inversiones ha despertado enormes críticas en los últimos años. Pero un aspecto poco explorado es como este régimen menoscaba al poder judicial y a las decisiones tomadas por los jueces nacionales. Este reporte toma la experiencia de América Latina y presenta cinco escenarios para demostrar que las demandas inversor-Estado y los árbitros que deciden sobre ellas vulneran al poder judicial.
Tunisia has undergone radical changes in the past decade, and faces more in the years to come, if the EU has its way. As the first country to topple its dictator in early 2011, it set off a chain of revolutions across North Africa and West Asia that led to a political reconfiguration, the impacts of which are still playing out. While Tunisia is often seen as the ‘success’ story of the ‘Arab Spring’, the transition has actually been a lot more complex than that.
This new handbook is an indispensable guide to climate activists and policy-makers alike towards a complete overhaul of the financial system to stop climate chaos. Central to its message is that fossil fuel lending can be redirected towards green energy and that public finance and ownership can bankroll and provide the infrastructure for delivering a Green New Deal.
Towns and cities stand at the heart of the new public future. Between 2000 and 2019, there were over 1400 new cases of “municipalisation” or “remunicipalisation”, the creation of new public enterprises run by local governments or the return of privatised enterprises to municipal hands. This trend occurred across 2400 locales in 58 countries.
The energy transition is in the news. Interest in energy transition ranges from actors such as peoples in resistance, workers, academics, and public administrations, to large corporations, international institutions and governments. The paradigm of energy transition, if it exists, runs a serious risk of being coopted by large companies, of being trivialized and placed at the service of the current system of social reproduction that seeks to perpetuate existing power relations.
By the end of August 2019, African States had been hit by a total of 106 known investment treaty arbitration claims. This represents 11% of all known investor-state disputes worldwide. Between 2013 and 2018, there has been an unprecedented boom of claims against African governments. During these last six years, they received more investor claims than the previous 20 years combined. This paper exposes how the international investment regime affects African countries.
Pas moins de 106 demandes d’arbitrage afférentes à des traités d’investissement concernaient des États d’Afrique. Cela représente 11 % de tous les différends connus entre investisseurs et États dans le monde.
Nuestro vínculo con el océano ha cambiado mucho a lo largo de los siglos. Para quienes se dedican a la pesca es su base vital y para el comercio el océano se considera simplemente una superficie para transportar bienes. A principios del siglo XX se dio paso a otra época centrada en la extracción de recursos oceánicos del fondo marino y hoy se habla de la ‘economía azul’, que promete una victoria en los frentes ecológico, social y económico.
Our relationship to the ocean has changed greatly over the centuries. For those who fish, it is their livelihood, while for trade the ocean is considered simply a surface across which goods can be shipped. At the beginning of the 20th century another era began, centred on the extraction of ocean resources from the seabed, and today there is talk of the “blue economy”, which promises a triple win on the ecological, social and economic fronts.
Across the world, peasants, pastoralists, fishers, and indigenous peoples are losing their once effective control over the land, water, wetlands, pastures, fishing grounds and forests on which they depend including the right to decide how these natural resources will be used, when and by whom, at what scale and for what purposes, often for generations to come.
¿Estás generando un cambio positivo en tu comunidad o conoces a alguien que lo esté haciendo? Participar en la convocatoria. Nos encantaría que te presentaras y que compartas esta convocatoria con toda aquella persona a quien creas que le pueda interesar.
After a spout of optimism surrounding Myanmar’s so-called democratic transition in the post-2010 period, more recent work by CSOs and academics have emphasized the rampant and violent processes of land and ocean grabbing that this transition is facilitating. Drawing on a case from Northern Tanintharyi in the Southeast of the country, this article attempts to historicize contemporary accounts of these grabbing processes.
TNI mourns the terrible news that our beautiful, bubbly, funny, quirky, creative, smart and perceptive 'web gardener' Tessa Kersten-Zenger passed away on Saturday, February 17, 2018. She had turned just 43 years old the week before and was celebrating with a family weekend away when she died suddenly following an accident.
Bertha Zúñiga Cáceres talks about how her mother's example and a belief that ancestors continue to accompany our struggles helps her and the indigenous movement in Honduras to continue to mobilise against injustice, state violence and corporate abuses.