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48 items
  1. Reflections on military coups in Myanmar: and why political actors in Arakan chose a different path

    Kyaw Lynn
    01 မတ်လ 2021
    Article

    The 1 February coup by the military State Administration Council has caused protest and confusion in Myanmar and around the world. In this commentary, Kyaw Lynn puts in context the complexity of factors, personal as much as institutional, that preceded the military takeover during a difficult time for democratic progress on the international stage. He then looks at the critical situation in Rakhine State, examining why political trends have been different to other ethnic states and regions in the country.

  2. Will there ever be light at the end of the tunnel?

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    18 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2021
    Article

    The tunnel that we have had to pass through is a very long one… 70 plus years, and there is still no sign of light that we are nearing the end. The leaders have staunchly blocked the exit. No ordinary civilian can pass through, and those inside the tunnel only get to see glimpses of light through tiny holes now and then. By the time the leaders of our country have agreed and worked out their differences, it will be too late for those of us who have been suffocating inside the darkness for far too long.

  3. Demonstrations in Yangon on Union Day, 12 February 2021

    History Repeated: Another Roadblock on Political Change in Myanmar

    12 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2021
    Article

    Today is Union Day in Myanmar, which marks the historic Panglong Agreement in February 1947 when the principles of equality and unity were drawn up for the future union. In 2021, however, it is not a day of celebration but one of protest as peoples across the country take to the street to demonstrate against the assumption of power by the military State Administrative Council. In this commentary, TNI analyses why the present crisis is so profound and why the patterns of military rule, state failure and ethnic conflict are in grave danger of being repeated. Peace and national reconciliation are required today, not at some indeterminate time in the future.

  4. Visions toward a federal land governance system in Myanmar

    Transnational Institute (TNI)
    11 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2020
    Article

    Yesterday, on International Human Rights Day, the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands announced that Saw Eh Say, the coordinator from the Kayah Earthrights Action Network (KEAN), received the 2020 Human Rights Tulip Myanmar Award for his great efforts to promote the right to land in Myanmar. The Human Rights Tulip is an annual award of the Dutch government for outstanding and courageous human rights defenders.

  5. ‘Treat us like human beings’ - Life story of a woman who uses drugs in Myanmar

    07 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2020
    Article
    This commentary is part of the ten-day global campaign to end violence against women, in which the Drug Policy Advocacy Group – Myanmar (DPAG) also participates together with partners in Myanmar, including female sex workers, women living with HIV, and transgender people. DPAG’s campaign focuses on ending violence against women, including women who use drugs and other women facing intersecting inequalities. The campaign is coordinated by DPAG, and supported by the Sex Worker Network in Myanmar (SWIM), Myanmar Positive Women Network, Myanmar Youth Stars, and the Transnational Institute (TNI). For more information see DPAG’s Facebook page.
  6. What Elections Really Mean For Us: the 2020 Polls in Myanmar

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    08 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2020
    Article

    With another general election imminent, concerns are deepening that ethnic nationality peoples will be marginalised once again. In this commentary, Lahpai Seng Raw explains why political systems and electoral practices deny equality and representation to so many of the country’s population. Elections will not change this. Political reforms are essential to achieve peace and national reconciliation.

  7. State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi attends the 70th Union Day commemoration in 2017 / Photo credit The Irrawaddy

    The National League for Democracy: A Party for Democracy or Federalism?

    Kyaw Lynn
    02 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2020
    Article

    As Myanmar prepares to go to the polls in November, it is a time of rising political tension. Covid-19 is spreading, while conflict continues in several ethnic states. As Kyaw Lynn argues, a key reform question remains to be answered. Will the country have federal reform and, if so, what kind?

  8. A day in the life of a woman opium poppy farmer in Myanmar

    Transnational Institute (TNI)
    15 ဇူလိုင်လ 2020
    Article

    There is genuine hope that by sharing her story as a woman who grows opium, Nang Kham could help encourage other women farmers to speak out, and encourage the wider community to realise the collective benefits of gender equality.

  9. Fieldfarming in Amarapura

    Hitting where it hurts: Impacts of COVID-19 measures on Myanmar poor

    Nwet Kay Khine
    06 ဇူလိုင်လ 2020
    Article

    In a country that was ruled by dictatorship for several decades, the local administration units are also no stranger to emergency-like authoritarian measures. Many thought there is no option but detention to deal with the situation. It is easier for the authorities even at the village and ward levels to ensure authoritarian submission if the country is in panic.

  10. A Silver Jubilee Commemoration: The New Mon State Party’s 1995 Ceasefire

    Sawor Mon
    29 ဇွန်လ 2020
    Article

    Today marks the Silver Jubilee of the ceasefire agreement between the New Mon State Party (NMSP) and the military (Tatmadaw) government of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) on 29 June 1995. This peace agreement came after 40 years of armed struggle for political and ethnic rights by the Mon people against successive central governments in the country. Founded in 1958, the NMSP is an ethnic nationality-based armed organization that is active in southern regions of the Union of Myanmar.

  11. Lost in the Light: 25 Years of Ceasefire by the New Mon State Party

    Mi Kamoon
    29 ဇွန်လ 2020
    Article

    June 29 marks the 25th anniversary of the ceasefire by the New Mon State Party with the then military government of the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Twenty-five years later, the NMSP is still in ceasefire with the government of the National League for Democracy today, but the peace process in the country has begun to stall badly.

  12. From The Authoritative Land Management System To The Federal Land Governance System

    Si Thu
    22 ဇွန်လ 2020
    Article

    Like different land management systems across the world, land management systems varied in different territories. 

  13. How to Improve Myanmar’s Covid-19 Emergency Relief Program

    Walden Bello, Doi Ra Lahkyen, Jennifer Franco, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    09 ဇွန်လ 2020
    Article

    The Covid-19 Economic Relief Plan (CERP) that the government rolled out in the last week of April is a welcome initiative for a country that is suffering from both the assault of the novel coronavirus and the massive economic impact of the nationwide lockdown that the government has imposed to stop its spread.

  14. “The cycles of conflict and displacement must be brought to an end”: The IDP crisis in northeast Myanmar

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    30 မတ်လ 2020
    Article

    Concerns are deepening in the Kachin and Shan States as the government seeks to close internal displacement camps while conflict continues and the coronavirus is still spreading. War-shattered communities face a highly uncertain future. This commentary reports on a new initiative by civil society organisations to ensure that the human rights and security of IDPs are protected. But without peace and political reform, there are many worries that the crisis will only continue.

  15. An old house left behind by IDPs in Kachin State

    No Camp Closure Without Restitution

    11 မတ်လ 2020
    Article

    Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs) in Myanmar today are caught in a ‘perfect storm’,  which is the combination of the 2018 VFV Land Management Law, the BRI, and the National IDP Camp Closure Strategy.

  16. Resolving ethnic conflict - Civic nationalism: a theoretical tool for the ending of civil war?

    Sai Wansai
    11 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2020
    Article

    As the peoples of Myanmar commemorate Union Day this week, Sai Wansai argues that “civic nationalism” can help address the crisis in "ethnic nationalism" that underpins state failure and the enduring cycles of conflict in the country. Seventy-three years after the historic Panglong Agreement brought the new Union into being, Myanmar is a land that is yet to achieve ethnic peace and political inclusion.

  17. “Not About Us Without Us”: Legitimate national land law making by design

    Transnational Institute (TNI)
    17 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2019
    Article

    As the government meets to design a “roadmap” for developing the new national land law, TNI looks at how the situation has changed since the development of the National Land Use policy a few years ago and reflects on the issues at stake for millions of people across the country with rights to land in the current context. 

  18. “First they grabbed our land with guns; now they are using the law"

    26 သြဂုတ်လ 2019
    Article

    Displaced people in Myanmar have been suffering layer upon layer of injustice over the past decades. Today the situation is as bad as ever.

  19. Transformation of an Entrenched Political System: The Need for International Responsibility in Myanmar

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    12 သြဂုတ်လ 2019
    Article

    Political impasse continues in Myanmar. Peace talks and general elections have failed to achieve national breakthroughs. All parties — both domestic and international — need to reflect on this failure. Civil society networks and representative governance must be strengthened at the community level if peace and democracy are to be built.

  20. Chronology on the Statue Case in Loikaw, Kayah State

    28 ဇွန်လ 2019
    Article

    In this commentary, the Union of Karenni State Youth and LAIN Technical Support Group provide a chronology of events, outlining how arrests and the government’s handling of events have compounded rather than resolved political frustrations and inter-community understandings.

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