ရှာလို့ရသောရလဒ်များ

26 items
  1. Sentencing for Drug Offences in England and Wales

    • Genevieve Harris
    14 ဇွန်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    Sentencing for drug offences in England and Wales has recently undergone a wide-sweeping review and public consultation. The purpose of this report is to examine and evaluate this mechanism for law reform, without the need for legislative reform, and to consider the specific discussion around sentencing for drug offences which it has led to.

  2. Argentina: Reform on the way?

    • Graciela Touzé
    15 ဇူလိုင်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    In August 2009, the Argentina Supreme Court declared legislation criminalizing drug possession for personal consumption as unconstitutional. This briefing discusses the background of that decision, the small steps taken since, but argues that there is still much to do before a genuine reform agenda can be implemented.

  3. Prohibition, a backwards step

    • Diana Esther Guzmán, Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes
    22 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2010
    Policy briefing

    In December 2009, the Congress in Colombia passed a reform to the 1991 Constitution, which considered the possession and consumption of certain quantities of drugs for personal use legal, to enact constitutional prohibition. This briefing shows the changes that this constitutional amendment entails and evaluates the principle potential consequences.

  4. Drug Law Reform: Lessons from the New Zealand Experience

    • Sanji Gunasekara
    15 သြဂုတ်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    In 2007, the Government of New Zealand entrusted an independent agency, the National Law Commission, to review the country’s drug law. New Zealand’s approach to drug law reform may provide lessons for other countries.

  5. A Matter of Substance

    • Ernestien Jensema
    26 ဇူလိုင်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    This paper discusses the “substance-oriented approach” Dutch authorities implemented to to scare off potential small-scale cocaine smugglers. The focus was on the drugs, rather than the couriers, and on incapacitating the smuggling route, rather than deterrence by incarceration.

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    Cannabis social clubs in Spain

    • Martín Barriuso Alonso
    10 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Cannabis social clubs in Spain are noncommercial organisations of users who get together to cultivate and distribute enough cannabis to meet their personal needs without having to turn to the black market.

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    How to determine personal use in drug legislation

    • Grazia Zuffa
    31 သြဂုတ်လ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Distinguishing between drug possession for personal use and supply and trafficking is widely acknowledged as one of the most difficult and controversial issues facing drug legislators and policy makers.

  8. Kratom in Thailand: Decriminalisation and Community Control?

    • Pascal Tanguay
    03 မေလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Kratom is an integral part of Thai culture and has neglible harmful effects. Community level control and education are recommended for the best path to harm reduction.

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    Chewing over Khat prohibition

    • Martin Jelsma, Pien Metaal, Axel Klein
    16 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2012
    Policy briefing

    Khat has been consumed for thousands of years in the highlands of Eastern Africa and Southern Arabia.Strict bans on khat introduced in Europe ostensibly for the protection of immigrant communities have had severe unintended negative consequences.

  10. A breakthrough in the making?

    • Martin Jelsma, Pien Metaal
    13 ဇူလိုင်လ 2012
    Policy briefing

    There is an undeniable regional trend of moving away from the ‘war on drugs’ in Latin America. This briefing ex­plains the background, summa­rises the state of on­going drug law reforms, and makes recommendations to move the debate forward.

  11. Bogotá’s medical care centres for drug addicts

    • Julián Quintero
    02 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2013
    Policy briefing

    The opening in September 2012 of the first centre for drug addicts in Bogota is a welcome first step towards more humane and effective drug policies in Colombia’s capital city, but to be effective needs to be integrated into proper overall drugs strategy.

  12. human-rights-day

    Drugs, crime and punishment

    • Gloria Lai
    20 ဇွန်လ 2012
    Policy briefing

    Proportionality is one of the key principles of the rule of law aiming to protect people from cruel or inhumane treatment. The principle has been established in interna­tional and regional human rights agree­ments and many countries have adopted reflections of it in their constitution or penal code. Its applica­tion to drug-related offences is firstly the responsibility of the legislators, in defining the level of penalisa­tion of certain behaviours.

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    Cocaine: towards a self-regulation model

    • Grazia Zuffa
    07 မတ်လ 2014
    Policy briefing

    By taking cues from users’ self-regulation strategies, it is possible to design innovative operational models for drug services as well as drug policies, strengthening Harm Reduction as an alternative approach to the disease model.

  14. The Limits of Latitude

    • David Bewley-Taylor, Martin Jelsma
    13 မတ်လ 2012
    Policy briefing

    A growing number of nations are developing policies that shift away from the prohibition-oriented failed approach to drugs control. Ultimately however nations will need to reform the overall UN based global drug control framework of which practically all nations are a part.

  15. Towards revision of the UN drug control conventions

    • David Bewley-Taylor
    13 မတ်လ 2012
    Policy briefing

    Recent years have seen a growing unwillingness among increasing numbers of States parties to fully adhere to a strictly prohibitionist reading of the three principal UN drug control conventions.

  16. 'Legal highs'

    • Adam Winstock, Chris Wilkins
    31 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    To date, the approaches to regulation have varied between nations, both with respect to the nature and specificity of the measures taken and their intended outcome. Such diversity appropriately reflects the marked differences in the existing drug use problems and public health approaches to addressing such issues between nations.

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    Cannabis Social Clubs en Espagne

    • Martín Barriuso Alonso
    11 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Les Clubs Sociaux du Cannabis (CSC) sont des associations d’usagers qui s’organisent pour s’auto-approvisionner sans avoir recours au marché noir. Profitant de une zone grise juridique, il existe depuis plusieurs années, des clubs privés qui produisent du cannabis pour le distribuer, sans but lucratif et en circuit fermé, à des consommateurs adultes.

  18. Scheduling in the international drug control system

    • David Bewley-Taylor, Martin Jelsma, Christopher Hallam
    16 ဇွန်လ 2014
    Policy briefing

    Scheduling is mostly prioritised in its repressive pole, though present debates are increasingly highlighting the need to modify the balance of the system in order to affirm the importance of the principle of health.

  19. Time for a Wake-up Call: An historical and ethnographic approach to the Regulation of Plant-based Stimulants

    • Pien Metaal, Anthony Henman
    20 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2014
    Policy briefing

    The chemically-based frame of reference adopted by the UN Single Convention is mistaken in the culturally loaded and falsely “scientific” manner in which it was applied to different plants.

  20. Fixing a broken system

    • Juan Carlos Garzón Vergara
    30 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2014
    Report

    Despite efforts by governments in Latin America, illicit drugs continue to provide one of the largest incomes for criminal organizations, enabling them to penetrate and corrupt political and social institutions.

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