ရှာလို့ရသောရလဒ်များ

29 items
  1. Ethnicity without Meaning, Data without Context

    24 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2014
    Policy briefing

    The 2014 Population and Housing Census is the most significant ethnic and political boundary-making exercise since 1931, however its colonial-era designations and simplifications are likely to raise ethnic tensions at a critical time in the peace process.

  2. Political Reform and Ethnic Peace in Burma/Myanmar

    08 ဧပြီလ 2015
    Policy briefing

    For many citizens a countdown begins to a crucial general election later this year, with warnings of a halt in reform momentum and a more troubling reality behind many of the socio-political changes in the country.

  3. Military Confrontation or Political Dialogue

    17 ဇူလိုင်လ 2015
    Policy briefing

    At a time of critical political transition in Myanmar, failure to address the root causes of armed conflict and to create an inclusive political process to solve nationality grievances is only likely to have a very detrimental impact on the prospects for peace, democracy and development

  4. 军事对峙还是政治对话

    17 ဇူလိုင်လ 2015
    Policy briefing

    在缅甸正处在关键政治转型的时候,政府如果不能应对武装冲突的根源并建立具有包容性的政治进程来解决民族怨愤,只会给缅甸和平、民主、和发展的前景造成十分不利的影响。

  5. အမ်ိဳးသမီးမပါဘဲ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈမရွိႏိုင္ - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္း က်ား/မတန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ၊ စစ္မက္ပ႗ိပကၡႏွင့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး

    23 မေလ 2016
    Policy briefing

    ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္မႈႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ က်ား/မေရးရာကိစၥ၊ တုိင္းရင္း သားအေရးႏွင့္ အျခား သ႐ုပ္လကၡဏာမ်ား အၾကား ဆက္စပ္ပတ္သက္ေနမႈမ်ားကုိ ပုိမုိနားလည္သေဘာေပါက္ ရန္ လုိအပ္ေနသည္မွာ ၾကာၿပီျဖစ္သည္။ ႏုိင္ငံအတြင္း ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခုိင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္း ေရးႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီစနစ္ကုိ တည္ေဆာက္ရန္ ပဋိပကၡ ေျဖရွင္းမႈႏွင့္ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္အဆင့္ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈတြင္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား၏ ပါဝင္မႈႏွင့္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ႏွင့္ပတ္သက္သည့္ တုိးတက္မႈအေျခ အေနသည္ အေရးပါလွပါသည္။

  6. ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ၏ ၂ဝ၁၅ အေထြေထြေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ တုိင္းရင္းသားႏုိင္ငံေရးအတြက္ လက္ရွိအေျခအေနက ဘယ္လုိလဲ။

    21 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2015
    Policy briefing

    ေရြးေကာက္ ပြဲမ်ားမွာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာၿပီးဆုံးခဲ့ေသာ္ျငားလည္း ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ႏွင့္ ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္၏ အစိတ္အပုိင္းမ်ားတြင္ ႀကီးမားသည့္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားဆက္လက္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည္။ အစိုးရအသစ္အေပၚ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းထားခ်က္မ်ား မွာ အဆမတန္ ျမင့္မားလြန္းလွပါျပီး ႏုိင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ ရင္ဆုိင္ေနရသည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ား အားလုံးကုိ ကုိင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းရန္မွာလည္း လြန္စြာခက္ခဲလွပါသည္။

  7. The China-Myanmar border at Muse-Ruili/ TNI

    China’s Engagement in Myanmar: From Malacca Dilemma to Transition Dilemma

    18 ဇူလိုင်လ 2016
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar’s political transition, which began in 2011, has brought China’s relationship with the country into question. China has made important steps to recognise this, but fundamental difficulties remain, including ongoing ethnic conflict and conflicting visions of development. Given their proximity and troubled histories, it is essential that good relations are developed between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual respect. This briefing outlines the key histories, developments and strategies in recent Myanmar-China relations.

  8. Displaced Karenni villagers

    Re-Asserting Control: Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar

    23 မေလ 2017
    Policy briefing

    For people affected by displacement, land is much more than just an economic asset. Being able to return to one’s original place is a deeply felt aspiration about restoring the social relations that constitute a person’s identity. The long-standing displacement of people, land-grabbing and non-existence of rights to land in many parts of the country mean that land reform and land restitution must be a central issue in any peace settlement. What happens today with the land is inextricably tied to the country’s future prospects for peace and democracy.

  9. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    Beyond Panglong: Myanmar’s National Peace and Reform Dilemma

    19 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2017
    Policy briefing

    How is the peace process in Myanmar going? What progress has been made toward reform? After decades under military rule, the 21st Century Panglong Conference has been welcomed as the most encouraging recent initiative to address humanitarian suffering and national instability. It prioritises ethnic peace and political reform at a moment of opportunity for national reconciliation. However, as ethnic conflict and refugee displacement continue worrying failings have started to appear, raising many warnings from the country’s troubled history.

  10. Burma’s Ethnic Challenge: From Aspirations to Solutions

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    11 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2013
    Report

    “Important steps have been made in national reconciliation during the past two years. But promises and ceremonies will never be enough. The long-standing aspirations of Burma’s peoples for peace and justice must find solutions during the present time of national transition.”

  11. ငင္းပယ္ခံရလ်က္ရွိသည့္ ရယူသံုးစြဲပိုင္ခြင့္ - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ ေျမယာအခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ တိုင္းရင္းသားပဋိပကၡ

    08 မေလ 2013
    Policy briefing

    ေျမယာႏွင့္ ရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံမႈဥပေဒသစ္မ်ားသည္ အႀကီးစားရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံသူ စီးပြားေရး လုပ္ငန္းရွင္မ်ားကိုသာ အက်ိဳးျပဳလ်က္ရွိၿပီး အထူးသျဖင့္ လူနည္းစု တိုင္းရင္းသား ေဒသမ်ားရွိ အေသးစားတစ္ႏိုင္တစ္ပိုင္ေတာင္သူမ်ားကို အက်ိဳးျဖစ္ထြန္းေစျခင္း မရွိသည့္အျပင္ တိုင္းရင္းသားရပ္ရြာလူထုမ်ား၏ ေျမယာအခြင့္အေရးကိုလည္း ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစားထားျခင္းမရွိေပ။

  12. Access Denied: Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    08 မေလ 2013
    Policy briefing

    The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities.

  13. Selling the Silk Road Spirit

    07 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2019
    Policy briefing

    This briefing aims to deepen discussion on the Belt and Road Iniatiative (BRI) in Myanmar. The BRI is often described as a ‘grand strategy’ led by President Xi Jinping, centrally planned and rolled out by obedient state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The sheer size of the initiative – 136 countries have received US$90 billion in Chinese foreign direct investment and exchanged US$6 trillion in trade with China - can make the BRI appear monolithic and inevitable. However, using a political economy analysis, this briefing demonstrates that the BRI is not a grand strategy, but a broad framework of activities that seek to address a crisis in Chinese capitalism. An examination of four BRI projects in Myanmar using Chinese language sources shows the extent of lobbying by Chinese SOEs and the Yunnan provincial government to promote the projects, with support from the central Chinese government.

  14. ပိုးလမ္းမစိတ္ဓာတ္ကို ေစ်းကြက္တင္ျခင္း

    20 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2020
    Policy briefing

    ဤသုံးသပ္ခ်က္အစီရင္ခံစာအားျဖင့္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံအတြင္းရွိ ခါးပတ္လမ္း (BRI) ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ ဆိုင္ရာ ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမ်ား လုပ္ေဆာင္ ရာတြင္ အေထာက္အကူျပဳနိုင္ဖို႔ ရည္ရြယ္ပါသည္။ ရံဖန္ရံခါတြင္ BRI ကို သမၼတရွီက်င္ဖ်င္၏ ခမ္းနားႀကီး က်ယ္သည့္ ဗ်ဴဟာတခု- ဗဟိုမွေသခ်ာအစီအစဥ္ေရးဆြဲကာ ထို႔ေနာက္ လိုက္နာၿပီး နိုင္ငံပိုင္စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္း မ်ားမွလုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကသည့္ ပုံစံျဖင့္ ေျပာဆိုၾကသည္။ နိုင္ငံေပါင္း ၁၃၆ နိုင္ငံ မွ တ႐ုတ္တို႔၏ နိုင္ငံျခားတိုက္ရိုက္ရင္းႏွီး ျမႇုပ္ႏွံမႈပမာဏ အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာ ၉၀ ဘီလီယံ လက္ခံရရွိၿပီး တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ကုန္သြယ္မႈပမာဏ ေဒၚလာ ၆ ထရီလီယံ ရွိသည္။ ထိုေၾကာင့္ BRI သည္ အင္အားႀကီးမားစြာ ေပါင္းစပ္စုစည္းသြားမည့္ တားဆီးေရွာင္လႊဲ၍မရနိုင္ေသာ စီမံကိန္းႀကီး အသြင္ေဆာင္ေနေပသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ ယခုအစီရင္ခံစာအေနျဖင့္ နိုင္ငံေရးေဘာဂေဗဒအေျခခံသုံးသပ္ခ်က္မ်ားအသုံးျပဳကာ BRI သည္ ခမ္းနား ႀကီးက်ယ္လွသည့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာမဟုတ္ပဲ အမွန္တကယ္တြင္ တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံ၏ အရင္းရွင္ စနစ္အၾကပ္ အတည္းကို ေျဖရွင္းဖို႔ရည္ရြယ္ထားသည့္ ေလ်ာ့ရဲက်ယ္ျပန႔္လွသည့္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ တည္ေဆာက္ထားသည့္ မူေဘာင္တစ္ခု သာျဖစ္သည္ဟု သုံးသပ္ထားပါသည္။ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံတြင္းရွိ BRI စီမံကိန္း ၄ခုကို တ႐ုတ္ဘာသာစကားအသုံးျပဳထားသည့္ သတင္းအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားကိုသုံးကာ တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံပိုင္စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ႏွင့္ ယူနန္ျပည္နယ္အစိုးရတို႔အေနျဖင့္ တ႐ုတ္ဗဟိုအစိုးရ၏ အေထာက္အပံ့ျဖင့္ ထိုစီမံကိန္းမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္နိုင္ရန္ မည္ကဲ့သို႔ စည္း႐ုံးသိမ္းသြင္းမႈမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္သည္ကို ေလ့လာမႈျပဳထားပါသည္။

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    Burma in 2010: A Critical Year in Ethnic Politics

    08 ဇွန်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    Resolution of Burma's longstanding ethnic crises is integral to the achievement of real peace, democracy and constitutional government

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    Unlevel Playing Field: Burma’s Election Landscape

    30 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Opposition parties participating in the process view boycotting the elections as a strategic mistake. The only way forward for them is to play a better game of chess, making the best strategic use of the limited space available."

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    Ethnic Politics in Burma: The Time for Solutions

    14 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Following the shake-up of Burmese politics last year, the country's military leaders now face the challenge of introducing a new system while ethnic tensions and exclusions remain.

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    Conflict or Peace? Ethnic Unrest Intensifies in Burma

    23 ဇွန်လ 2011
    Policy briefing

    The breakdown in the ceasefire of the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) with the central government represents a major failure in national politics and threatens to escalate to serious humanitarian crisis if not immediately addressed.

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