ရှာလို့ရသောရလဒ်များ

27 items
  1. Voters checking off their names at polling booths at Wan Hai High School, Shan State

    Myanmar: Ethnic Politics and the 2020 General Election

    24 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2020
    Policy briefing

    The 2020 general election is scheduled to take place at a critical moment in Myanmar’s transition from half a century under military rule.

  2. ပိုးလမ္းမစိတ္ဓာတ္ကို ေစ်းကြက္တင္ျခင္း

    20 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2020
    Policy briefing

    ဤသုံးသပ္ခ်က္အစီရင္ခံစာအားျဖင့္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံအတြင္းရွိ ခါးပတ္လမ္း (BRI) ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ ဆိုင္ရာ ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမ်ား လုပ္ေဆာင္ ရာတြင္ အေထာက္အကူျပဳနိုင္ဖို႔ ရည္ရြယ္ပါသည္။ ရံဖန္ရံခါတြင္ BRI ကို သမၼတရွီက်င္ဖ်င္၏ ခမ္းနားႀကီး က်ယ္သည့္ ဗ်ဴဟာတခု- ဗဟိုမွေသခ်ာအစီအစဥ္ေရးဆြဲကာ ထို႔ေနာက္ လိုက္နာၿပီး နိုင္ငံပိုင္စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္း မ်ားမွလုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကသည့္ ပုံစံျဖင့္ ေျပာဆိုၾကသည္။ နိုင္ငံေပါင္း ၁၃၆ နိုင္ငံ မွ တ႐ုတ္တို႔၏ နိုင္ငံျခားတိုက္ရိုက္ရင္းႏွီး ျမႇုပ္ႏွံမႈပမာဏ အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာ ၉၀ ဘီလီယံ လက္ခံရရွိၿပီး တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ကုန္သြယ္မႈပမာဏ ေဒၚလာ ၆ ထရီလီယံ ရွိသည္။ ထိုေၾကာင့္ BRI သည္ အင္အားႀကီးမားစြာ ေပါင္းစပ္စုစည္းသြားမည့္ တားဆီးေရွာင္လႊဲ၍မရနိုင္ေသာ စီမံကိန္းႀကီး အသြင္ေဆာင္ေနေပသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ ယခုအစီရင္ခံစာအေနျဖင့္ နိုင္ငံေရးေဘာဂေဗဒအေျခခံသုံးသပ္ခ်က္မ်ားအသုံးျပဳကာ BRI သည္ ခမ္းနား ႀကီးက်ယ္လွသည့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာမဟုတ္ပဲ အမွန္တကယ္တြင္ တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံ၏ အရင္းရွင္ စနစ္အၾကပ္ အတည္းကို ေျဖရွင္းဖို႔ရည္ရြယ္ထားသည့္ ေလ်ာ့ရဲက်ယ္ျပန႔္လွသည့္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ တည္ေဆာက္ထားသည့္ မူေဘာင္တစ္ခု သာျဖစ္သည္ဟု သုံးသပ္ထားပါသည္။ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံတြင္းရွိ BRI စီမံကိန္း ၄ခုကို တ႐ုတ္ဘာသာစကားအသုံးျပဳထားသည့္ သတင္းအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားကိုသုံးကာ တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံပိုင္စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ႏွင့္ ယူနန္ျပည္နယ္အစိုးရတို႔အေနျဖင့္ တ႐ုတ္ဗဟိုအစိုးရ၏ အေထာက္အပံ့ျဖင့္ ထိုစီမံကိန္းမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္နိုင္ရန္ မည္ကဲ့သို႔ စည္း႐ုံးသိမ္းသြင္းမႈမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္သည္ကို ေလ့လာမႈျပဳထားပါသည္။

  3. Arakan National Conference, Kyaukpyu, 2014

    Arakan (Rakhine State): A Land in Conflict on Myanmar’s Western Frontier

    • Martin Smith
    18 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2019
    Report

    Rakhine State, historically known as Arakan, represents the post-colonial failures of Myanmar in microcosm: ethnic conflict, political impasse, militarisation, economic neglect and the marginalisation of local peoples. During the past decade, many of these challenges have gathered a new intensity, accentuating a Buddhist-Muslim divide and resulting in one of the greatest refugee crises in the modern world. A land of undoubted human and natural resource potential, Rakhine State has become one of the poorest territories in the country today.

  4. Selling the Silk Road Spirit

    07 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2019
    Policy briefing

    This briefing aims to deepen discussion on the Belt and Road Iniatiative (BRI) in Myanmar. The BRI is often described as a ‘grand strategy’ led by President Xi Jinping, centrally planned and rolled out by obedient state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The sheer size of the initiative – 136 countries have received US$90 billion in Chinese foreign direct investment and exchanged US$6 trillion in trade with China - can make the BRI appear monolithic and inevitable. However, using a political economy analysis, this briefing demonstrates that the BRI is not a grand strategy, but a broad framework of activities that seek to address a crisis in Chinese capitalism. An examination of four BRI projects in Myanmar using Chinese language sources shows the extent of lobbying by Chinese SOEs and the Yunnan provincial government to promote the projects, with support from the central Chinese government.

  5. The 10th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue

    02 မေလ 2019
    Report

    From 15 to 18 November 2018, the Transnational Institute (TNI) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) jointly organised the 10th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue (IDPD). It was organised in collaboration with the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC) of Myanmar and held at Inle Lake, Southern Shan State, Myanmar.

  6. Methamphetamine use in Myanmar, Thailand, and Southern China: assessing practices, reducing harms

    • Renaud Cachia, Thura Myint Lwin
    18 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2019
    Policy briefing

    Over the past decade, methamphetamine use has grown more popular in Myanmar, Thailand and Southern China. Based on in-depth interviews conducted with individuals who use methamphetamine, this briefing sheds light on the importance of promoting an environment that reinforces, rather than undermines, the ability of people who use methamphetamine to regulate their drug use, preserve their health and adopt safer practices.

  7. အယူအျမင္ ေထာင္ေခ်ာက္

    • Walden Bello
    30 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2018
    Report

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသည္ ထံုးတမ္းစဥ္လာ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးေရး ပါရာဒုိင္းတစ္ခု၏ ေထာင္ေခ်ာက္မ်ားကို ေ႐ွာင္႐ွားသြားႏိုင္မည့္ ေရ႐ွည္တည္တ့ံ မည့္ ဖြံ ့ၿဖိဳးတုိးတက္ေရးလမ္းေၾကာင္းတစ္ခုေပၚတြင္ ေလွ်ာက္ လွမ္းရန္ ျဖစ္ႏုိင္ပါသလား။ အဆိုပါလမ္းေၾကာင္းသည္ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ ေျခ႐ွိ႐ုံမွ်မက မျဖစ္မေန ေလွ်ာက္လွမ္းရန္ လိုအပ္ေသာ လမ္းေၾကာင္း ျဖစ္သည္ကို ဤအစီရင္ခံတြင္ အဆုိျပဳေဆြးေႏြး တင္ျပသြားမည္ ျဖစ္သည္။

  8. From War to Peace in Kayah (Karenni) State

    • Tom Kramer, Oliver Russell, Martin Smith
    29 ဇွန်လ 2018
    Report
    Kayah State, historically known as “Karenni State”, is an example of the reform dilemmas that the ethnic nationality peoples in Myanmar face today. Although the country’s smallest state, it reflects many of the challenges in peace-building and socio-political transition that need resolution in Myanmar at large: political impasse, a multiplicity of conflict actors, contested natural resources, land grabbing, humanitarian suffering, and divided communities seeking to rebuild after more than six decades of civil war.
     
  9. The 9th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue

    31 မေလ 2018
    Report

    In December 2017, the Transnational Institute (TNI) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany (BMZ), in collaboration with the Thai Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB) and the Mae Fah Luang Foundation under Royal Patronage (MFLF), jointly organised the 9th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue (IDPD) in Chiang Rai, Thailand. 

  10. Paradigm Trap

    • Walden Bello
    24 မေလ 2018
    Report

    Can Myanmar take a path to sustainable development that avoids the pitfalls of the orthodox development paradigm? This report argues that this is not only necessary but possible.

  11. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    ပင္လံုအလြန္ -
ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး အက်ပ္အတည္း

    22 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2018
    Policy briefing

    တိုင္းရင္းသားပဋိပကၡေရးရာႏွင္ ဒုကၡသည္ေရႊ ့ေျပာင္းမႈမ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဧ။္နယ္စပ္ေဒသတစ္လႊားတြင္ ေနရာယူဆဲျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ လက္ရွိအေနအထားတြင္ တိုင္းျပည္သည္ လမ္းဆတံု ြင္တည္ရွိေနသည္။ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ၾကာျမင့္သည့္

    စစ္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးကာလေနာက္ပိုင္း ၂၁ ရာစုပင္လံုညီလာခံကုိ ၁၉၄၇ ခုႏွစ္ ေႏွာင္းပိုင္း

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၌ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးအတိုင္းအတာၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားေဖာ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္ ေစရန္ႀကိဳးပမ္းသည့္ စိတ္အားတက္ၾကြဖြယ္ရာအေကာင္းဆံုး တာထြက္ေျခလွမ္းတစ္ရပ္အေနျဖင့္ ႀကိဳဆိုဂုဏ္ျပဳ ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

    သို႔ေသာ္လည္း က်ဆံုးသြားမည္ကို စိုးရိမ္မကင္းျဖစ္သည့္ အေငြ႕အသက္မ်ားက ႏိုင္ငံ၏ အတိတ္ ကာလျဖစ္ရပ္ ဆိုးမ်ားကို ျပန္ေျပာင္းအမွတ္ရေစလ်က္ရွိသည္။

  12. Guiding Drug Law Reform in Myanmar

    • Drug Policy Advocacy Group
    29 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2017
    Report

    A draft bill amending Myanmar 1993 Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law was published in newspapers in March 2017 for public consultation. It was subsequently discussed in the upper house of Parliament (Amyothar Hluttaw) on 16 August 2017.

  13. Myths and risks of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement

    • Cecilia Olivet, Pietje Vervest
    21 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2017
    Policy briefing

    As the signing of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement (IPA) draws near, concerns over the secrecy surrounding the agreement’s negotiations and the risks it poses abound, alongside many myths about its potential benefits.

  14. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    Beyond Panglong: Myanmar’s National Peace and Reform Dilemma

    19 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2017
    Policy briefing

    How is the peace process in Myanmar going? What progress has been made toward reform? After decades under military rule, the 21st Century Panglong Conference has been welcomed as the most encouraging recent initiative to address humanitarian suffering and national instability. It prioritises ethnic peace and political reform at a moment of opportunity for national reconciliation. However, as ethnic conflict and refugee displacement continue worrying failings have started to appear, raising many warnings from the country’s troubled history.

  15. The 8th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue

    25 ဇူလိုင်လ 2017
    Report
  16. ကမာၻလံုးဆိုင္ရာ တားျမစ္သီးႏွံပင္ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးထုတ္လုပ္သူမ်ားညီလာခံ (GFPPP)

    31 မေလ 2017
    Report

    ေယဘုယ်အားျဖင့္ ကမာၻလံုးဆိုင္ရာ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးေရးရာ မူ၀ါဒစကား၀ိုင္းအတြင္း ကိုကာရြက္၊ ဘိန္းပင္ႏွင့္ ေဆးေျခာက္ပင္ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးထုတ္လုပ္မႈအတြင္း ပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိသည့္ထိခိုက္ခံလူထုလူတန္းစားမ်ား၏ အသံမ်ား ေပ်ာက္ဆံုးလ်က္ရွိသျဖင့္ ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ က်င္းပခဲ့သည့္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြညီလာခံ၏ ကမာၻ႔မူးယစ္ ေဆး၀ါးျပႆနာဆို္င္ရာ အထူးအစီအစဥ္(UNGASS)မွ ခ်န္လွပ္ခံရႏိုင္သည့္ အရဲစြန္႔ရမႈအႏၱရာယ္ရွိလာခဲ့သည္။

  17. Displaced Karenni villagers

    Re-Asserting Control: Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar

    23 မေလ 2017
    Policy briefing

    For people affected by displacement, land is much more than just an economic asset. Being able to return to one’s original place is a deeply felt aspiration about restoring the social relations that constitute a person’s identity. The long-standing displacement of people, land-grabbing and non-existence of rights to land in many parts of the country mean that land reform and land restitution must be a central issue in any peace settlement. What happens today with the land is inextricably tied to the country’s future prospects for peace and democracy.

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