ရှာလို့ရသောရလဒ်များ

395 items
  1. The Time for Change in International Aid: The Importance of Civil Society

    Mumyit Sinli Pukdun
    02 သြဂုတ်လ 2022
    Article

    As conflict and military rule continue, Mumyit Sinli Pukdun argues that a major rethink in international aid is essential with a focus on civil society which is at the heart of community resilience and support for national change. Lessons need to be learned from the failed donor policies of the past three decades. Not only has the nature of political challenges been misunderstood but many international agencies have also followed aid policies that have undermined local capacity and organisations. In Myanmar’s latest cycle of state breakdown, support to civil society is vital to address emergency needs and socio-political transformation in the long term.

  2. The Dynamics of Arakan Politics and the Possibility of Another War

    Kyaw Lynn
    22 ဇူလိုင်လ 2022
    Article

    Tensions are rising in Arakan (Rakhine State) where a ceasefire exists between the Myanmar military government and Arakan Army. On the surface, the relative stability contrasts with the chaos that has enveloped many other parts of the country following last year’s coup. In this commentary, Kyaw Lynn analyses the changing landscape highlighting that, while confrontations are occurring, neither side appears yet ready to return to open warfare. “Retaliatory” actions, though, are increasing.

  3. Opium Cultivation and Environmental Justice in Myanmar

    Transnational Institute (TNI)
    15 ဇူလိုင်လ 2022
    Article

    Across the world, the state of environmental stress is unprecedented. As scholarship and activism on ‘environmental justice’ point out, poorer and marginalised communities face particular exposure to environmental harms.

    This holds especially true for populations in the Global South, including Myanmar. The role of opium cultivation in relation to these environmental stresses is an underexplored terrain. Yet, as this new TNI report argues, drugs, as well as the policy responses to them, are an environmental crisis in Myanmar as well as other countries where opium poppy, coca bush and cannabis plants are cultivated.

  4. Challenging Extractivism in Kachin State: From Land of Jade to Land for the People

    Lahkyen Roi
    07 ဇူလိုင်လ 2022
    Article

    While the struggle against military rule continues, Lahkyen Roi analyses in this commentary how natural resource exploitation, land-grabbing and the marginalisation of local peoples underpin poverty, suffering and conflict in Kachin State. A once pristine land of biodiverse forestry, mineral and water potential, Kachin State is today one of Myanmar’s poorest territories. While the natural environment is degraded, the resources of local communities are plundered by outside actors, over-extraction, business cronies and military elites. The establishment of political reform and peace in a new system of federal democracy is essential if the local peoples are to live decent and dignified lives.

  5. ရွမ္းတပ္မေတာ္တစ္ခု၏ ခရီးရွည္ခ်ီတက္မႈႏွင့္ ျပန္လည္ဆုတ္ခြာမႈ

    03 မေလ 2022
    Article

    ယခုႏွစ္ ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီလအထိ ရွမ္းျပည္တြင္ တိုက္ပြဲမ်ားအျပင္းအထန္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့ေသာေနရာ (၂) ခုရွိခဲ့ပါသည္။ နမၼတူ၊ သီေပါ၊ ေက်ာက္မဲႏွင့္ မိုင္းကိုင္ၿမိဳ႕နယ္မ်ားတြင္ သွ်မ္းျပည္ျပန္လည္ထူေထာင္ေရး ေကာင္စီ(RCSS)ႏွင့္ သွ်မ္းျပည္တိုးတက္ေရးပါတီ (SSPP)ႏွင့္ မဟာမိတ္ တပ္ဖြဲ႕တစ္ခုျဖစ္သည့္ တေအာန္းအမ်ိဳးသားလြတ္ေျမာက္ေရးတပ္ဖြဲ႕(TNLA)တို႔ ပူးေပါင္းထားသည့္ တပ္ေပါင္းစုအၾကား ထိေတြ႕ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈမ်ား က်ယ္ျပန႔္လာခဲ့သည္။ တစ္ခ်ိန္တည္းလိုလို၌ စစ္ေကာင္စီလက္ေအာက္ခံ တပ္မေတာ္ ႏွင့္ (ကိုးကန႔္)ျမန္မာအမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီမဟာမိတ္တပ္ေပါင္းစု(MNDAA)တို႔သည္ ျပည္နယ္၏ အေရွ႕ေျမာက္ ပိုင္းေဒသ အထူးသျဖင့္ မူဆယ္ၿမိဳ႕နယ္ အေရွ႕ျခမ္းရွိ မုန္းကိုးႏွင့္ ေဖာင္းဆိုင္ေဒသမ်ား၌ မီးကုန္ ယမ္းကုန္တိုက္ပြဲျဖစ္ပြားလ်က္ရွိသည္။ ထိခိုက္က်ဆုံးမႈ အလြန္မ်ားျပားသည္ဟု ယင္းနယ္ေျမတစ္လႊားရွိ ေဒသခံမ်ားက ေျပာဆိုခဲ့သည္။ နယ္ခံလူထုလူတန္းစားမ်ားက စစ္ေကာင္စီကို ဆက္လက္ေတာ္လွန္ လ်က္ရွိသည့္ ရွမ္း-ကယားနယ္စပ္ေဒသမ်ားမွလြဲ၍ ရွမ္းျပည္၏ က်န္ေဒသမ်ား၌မူ အမွတ္မထင္ ႀကိဳၾကားႀကိဳၾကားျဖစ္ပြားေလ့ရွိသည့္ အေသးစားထိေတြ႕တိုက္ခိုက္မႈမ်ားသာရွိေနခဲ့သည္။

  6. The Advance and Retreat of a Shan Army

    03 မေလ 2022
    Article

    As conflict and crisis continue in the aftermath of the SAC coup, political instability and uncertainty have swept many parts of the country. In this commentary, Khun Say Lone examines a dramatic succession of events in Shan State that have seen the RCSS, an NCA-signatory, forced to retreat by other ethnic armed organisations in the territory. Amidst allegations of “divide and rule”, he argues that unity is needed if the people are to end the cycles of conflict and build a better future.

  7. In response to COVID-19 third-wave, a group of medical officers from the Arakan Army did healthcare at Arkataung village’s school in Rathedaung township on 19 May 2021

    စင္ၿပိဳင္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္မႈ၏ သေဘာတရားႏွင့္ ယင္း၏ ရကၡိဳင္ျပည္ႏိုင္ငံေရးကို သက္ေရာက္မႈ

    Kyaw Lynn
    08 ဧပြီလ 2022
    Article

    ယခုသတင္းပတ္အတြင္းတြင္ ရကၡိဳင္ျပည္ရွိ ႐ိုဟင္ဂ်ာမ်ားကို ျမန္မာတပ္မေတာ္မွ က်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့ေသာ “လူမ်ိဳးတုန္းသတ္ျဖတ္မႈ” စြပ္စြဲခ်က္ကို သည္ဟိတ္ၿမိဳ႕ရွိ ႏိုင္ငံတကာတရား႐ုံးမွာ စုံးစမ္းၾကားနာလ်က္ ရွိပါသည္။ ထိုစဥ္ ၂၀၂၀ ႏိုဝင္ဘာ အလြတ္သေဘာအပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲမႈ ၿပီးေနာက္ ရကၡိဳင္အမ်ိဳးသား အဖြဲ႕ခ်ဳပ္/ရကၡိဳင့္တပ္ေတာ္က အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးယႏၲရား ခ်ဲ႕ထြင္မႈလုပ္ေနေသာ နယ္ေျမမ်ားတြင္လည္း မေသခ်ာေသာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးအေျခအေနတစ္ခုလို ျဖစ္ေနပါသည္။ ယခုသုံးသက္ခ်က္တြင္ေတာ့ ကိုေက်ာ္လင္းမွ စစ္ေကာင္စီအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးႏွင့္ ရကၡိဳင့္ျပည္သူ႔အစိုးရအဖြဲ႕ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးၾကားတြင္ ျဖစ္ေပၚ ေနေသာ ႏိုင္ငံေရးႏွင့္ လုံၿခဳံေရးအားၿပိဳင္မႈမ်ားကို ဆန္းစစ္ထားၿပီး၊ ရကၡိဳင္အမ်ိဳးသား အဖြဲ႕ခ်ဳပ္၏ ရကၡိဳင္ျပည္တြင္း လူမ်ိဳးတိုင္းပါဝင္ႏိုင္ေသာ ‘ေခတ္သစ္အာရကၡအမ်ိဳးသားဝိေသသ’ တစ္ခု အတြက္ အျမင္သစ္တစ္ခုကိုလည္းတင္ျပေဆြးေႏြးထားပါသည္။

  8. A woman working in the opium field in Pekhon Township, southern Shan State

    Women and Drugs in Myanmar

    • Dania Putri, Ernestien Jensema
    07 မတ်လ 2022
    Primer

    What’s the role and position of women in opium cultivation areas in Myanmar? What is life like for women who use drugs in Myanmar? This primer maps out the gendered dynamics of drug policy in Myanmar, drawing from on-the-ground conversations with women involved in the drugs market.

  9. ကယား (ကရင္နီ) ျပည္နယ္တြင္း စစ္ပြဲမွသည္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးဆီသို႔

    • Tom Kramer, Oliver Russell, Martin Smith
    04 မတ်လ 2022
    Report

    Transnational Institute သည္ စစ္ပြဲမွသည္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးဆီသို႔ ဦးတည္လာသည့္ ကယား (ကရင္နီ)ျပည္နယ္- လမ္းဆံုလမ္းခြေရာက္ေနသည့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္း နယ္ေျမေဒသတစ္ခု ဟူသည့္ ေခါင္းစဥ္ျဖင့္ ကယားျပည္နယ္ႏွင့္ပတ္သက္သည့္ သုေတသနျပဳ ေလ့လာဆန္း စစ္ခ်က္ အစီရင္ခံစာတစ္ေစာင္ကို အဂၤလိပ္ဘာသာျဖင့္ ၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္ ဇူလိုင္လ၌ ပံုႏွိပ္ထုတ္ ေဝခဲ့သည္။ အစိုးမရသည့္ အကူးအေျပာင္းကာလအတြင္း ေျပာင္းလဲလာခဲ့သည့္ ေဒသ တြင္း လူမႈ-ႏိုင္ငံေရးအခင္းအက်င္းကို ေလ့လာသံုးသပ္ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ေနာက္ခံသမိုင္းေၾကာင္းျဖင့္စတင္ကာ စစ္အစိုးရမွသည္ အရပ္သားတစ္ပိုင္းစစ္အစိုးရအ ျဖစ္သို႔ ကူးေျပာင္းရာ၌ ေပၚေပါက္လာသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရး၊ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး၊ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈႏွင့္ လူ႔ အခြင့္အေရးဆိုင္ရာအေရြ႕မ်ားအပါအဝင္ အရပ္ဖက္လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားႏွင့္ လူထုအသိုက္ အဝန္းမ်ားအၾကား ႀကံဳေတြ႔လာရသည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားကို အထူးတလည္ အသားေပး၍ သံုး သပ္တင္ျပထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ေရေျမခ်င္းဆက္စပ္လ်က္ရွိၿပီး ကယန္းလူထုအမ်ားအျပား မွီတင္းေနထိုင္လ်က္ရွိသည့္ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ေတာင္ပိုင္းေဒသ ဖယ္ခံုႏွင့္ မိုးၿဗဲၿမိဳ႕နယ္မ်ားကိုပါ လႊမ္းျခံဳ၍ ေလ့လာဆန္းစစ္ထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

  10. In response to COVID-19 third-wave, a group of medical officers from the Arakan Army did healthcare at Arkataung village’s school in Rathedaung township on 19 May 2021

    The Nature of Parallel Governance and Its Impact on Arakan Politics

    Kyaw Lynn
    24 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2022
    Article

    This week, the International Court of Justice in The Hague is investigating allegations of genocide, conducted by the Myanmar armed forces against the Rohingya population in Rakhine State. Meanwhile an uneasy peace exists in the territory where the United League of Arakan-Arakan Army continues to expand its administrative outreach following an informal ceasefire in November 2020. In this commentary, Kyaw Lynn examines the political and security rivalries taking place between the military State Administration Council and ULA-AA, with the ULA-AA offering a new vision for a modern Arakan national identity that will include all nationality peoples.

  11. Poppy Farmers Under Pressure

    23 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2021
    Report

    Building on previous TNI research and publications, this report analyses the causes and consequences of the declining opium cultivation and production in Myanmar and the surrounding regions.

  12. No One Left Behind?

    30 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2021
    Policy briefing

    The peoples of Myanmar are presently struggling with three grave challenges: a coup, conflict and Covid-19. This new TNI briefing analyses how these three crises have unfolded, leading to health system collapse, a new cycle of humanitarian emergency and deepening political divisions within the country. Taking a narrative approach, the report focuses on the consequences of state failure, the impact of Covid-19 and the actions taken by different military, political and civil society actors during a time of national breakdown.

  13. Youth from Mon, Karen, and Pa-O communities joined with approximately 1,000 local people under a banner saying "Revolt any kinds of dictatorship", Date February 11, 2021, Place: Mawlamyine City, Mon State

    လက္ရွိျမန္မာ့ႏိုင္ငံေရးပဋိပကၡႏွင့္ မြန္တို႔၏ မတူကြဲျပားသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးရပ္တည္ခ်က္မ်ား

    Min Naing Soon
    29 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2021
    Article

    ၂၀၂၀ အေထြေထြေ႐ြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ မြန္ညီၫြတ္ေရးပါတီသည္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအရ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္အား အခိုင္အမာျပသခဲ့သည္။ ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီလတြင္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး ေကာင္စီ၏ အာဏာသိမ္းမႈျဖင့္ ယင္းတို႔သည္ ႐ုတ္တရက္ ၿပီးဆုံးသြားခဲ့သည္။ ထိုအခ်ိန္မွစၿပီး မြန္ႏိုင္ငံေရးသည္ ကြဲျပားလာသည္။ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလုံး ၿပိဳကြဲေနခ်ိန္တြင္ အခ်ိဳ႕ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားသည္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး ေကာင္စီ ႏွင့္ ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္႐ြက္ေရးကို လက္ခံၾကသလို အခ်ိဳ႕က အမ်ိဳးသား ညီၫြတ္ေရး အစိုးရအား ေထာက္ခံေၾကာင္း ေၾကျငာၾကၿပီး အခ်ိဳ႕ကလည္း မြန္ျပည္သူမ်ားကို သတိထားရန္ တိုက္တြန္းထားသည္။ မင္းႏိုင္စြန္းက မြန္လႈပ္ရွားမႈႏွင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရသည့္ အက်ပ္အတည္းမ်ားကို ခြဲျခမ္းစိတ္ျဖာျပထားၿပီး သမိုင္းမွ သင္ခန္းစာမ်ားကို ယူရန္ အဘယ့္ေၾကာင့္ လိုအပ္ေၾကာင္း ရွင္းျပထားသည္။

  14. Gathering for MUP 2020 election campaign in Ye township

    ျပန္လည္သုံးသပ္ရန္ လိုအပ္သည့္ မြန္ႏိုင္ငံေရး ႏွင့္ “၈” လျပည့္ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ခရီး

    Kun Wood
    29 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2021
    Article

    ၂၀၂၀ အေထြေထြေ႐ြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ မြန္ညီၫြတ္ေရးပါတီသည္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအရ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္အား အခိုင္အမာျပသခဲ့သည္။ ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီလတြင္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရး ေကာင္စီ၏ အာဏာသိမ္းမႈျဖင့္ ယင္းတို႔သည္ ႐ုတ္တရက္ ၿပီးဆုံးသြားခဲ့သည္။ ထိုအခ်ိန္မွစၿပီး မြန္ႏိုင္ငံေရးသည္ ကြဲျပားလာသည္။ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလုံး ၿပိဳကြဲေနခ်ိန္တြင္ အခ်ိဳ႕ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားသည္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးေကာင္စီ ႏွင့္ ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္႐ြက္ေရးကို လက္ခံၾကသလို အခ်ိဳ႕က အမ်ိဳးသားညီၫြတ္ေရးအစိုးရအား ေထာက္ခံေၾကာင္း ေၾကျငာၾကၿပီး အခ်ိဳ႕ကလည္း မြန္ျပည္သူ မ်ားကို သတိထားရန္ တိုက္တြန္းထားသည္။ ကြန္းဝု သည္ မြန္တို႔၏ လႈပ္ရွားမႈႏွင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရ ေသာ အက်ပ္အတည္းမ်ားကို ခြဲျခမ္းစိတ္ျဖာျပထားၿပီး သမိုင္းမွ သင္ခန္းစာမ်ားကိုယူရန္ အဘယ့္ေၾကာင့္ လိုအပ္ေၾကာင္း ရွင္းျပထားသည္။

  15. Gathering for MUP 2020 election campaign in Ye township

    The Need to Review Mon Politics: An Eight-Month Journey under Dictatorship

    Kun Wood
    02 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2021
    Article

    In the 2020 general election, the Mon Unity Party made a strong showing, encouraging hopes of a political breakthrough. These were abruptly ended by the February coup of the State Administration Council. Since this time, Mon politics have become divided. Amidst countrywide breakdown, some leaders have accepted cooperation with the SAC, others declare support for the opposition National Unity Government, while others urge caution for the Mon people. Kun Wood analyses the dilemmas facing the Mon movement, explaining why lessons from history need to be learned.

  16. Youth from Mon, Karen, and Pa-O communities joined with approximately 1,000 local people under a banner saying "Revolt any kinds of dictatorship", Date February 11, 2021, Place: Mawlamyine City, Mon State

    The Current Crisis in Myanmar: The Different Political Position of the Mon People

    Min Naing Soon
    02 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2021
    Article

    In the 2020 general election, the Mon Unity Party made a strong showing, encouraging hopes of a political breakthrough. These were abruptly ended by the February coup of the State Administration Council. Since this time, Mon politics have become divided. Amidst countrywide breakdown, some leaders have accepted cooperation with the SAC, others declare support for the opposition National Unity Government, while others urge caution for the Mon people. Min Naing Soon analyses the dilemmas facing the Mon movement, explaining why lessons from history need to be learned.

  17. Kratom plant grown in a fishing community in Mon State

    Kratom in Myanmar and southeast Asia: time for legal regulation?

    14 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2021
    Article

    Commonly found in Southeast Asia including in Myanmar, leaves from the kratom tree have long been used as a traditional medicine to treat various health conditions, including diabetes, diarrhoea, fever and pain. Kratom is currently banned in Myanmar, and the WHO's Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) is discussing this week whether it should be placed under international drug control. Instead of criminalisation, however, this commentary argues that legal regulation of kratom could contribute to building safer communities, promoting development and supporting peace efforts in Myanmar and beyond. 

  18. ျမန္မာနယ္စပ္ျဖတ္ေက်ာ္ေ႐ႊ႕ေျပာင္းအလုပ္သမားမ်ားႏွင့္ ကိုဗစ္-၁၉ ကပ္ေရာဂါ

    24 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2021
    Report

    ၂၀၂၀ခုႏွစ္ကို ကိုဗစ္-၁၉ ကမာၻ႔ကပ္ေရာဂါျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည့္ခုႏွစ္အျဖစ္ အၿမဲတေစအမွတ္ရေနေတာ့မည္ျဖစ္သည္။ ထိုကမာၻ႔ကပ္ေရာဂါေၾကာင့္ ႀကီးမားသည့္ ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲအက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မႈမ်ားစြာ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့ပါသည္။ ထိုအထဲမွ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ နယ္စပ္ျဖတ္ေက်ာ္ ေ႐ႊ႕ေျပာင္းလုပ္သားမ်ားအေနျဖင့္ ကိုဗစ္-၁၉ေၾကာင့္ အလြန္ထိခိုက္ခံစားခဲ့သူမ်ားတြင္ ယခုအခ်ိန္ထိ ပါဝင္ေနဆဲျဖစ္သည္။  ကမာၻ႔ကပ္ေရာဂါေၾကာင့္ ၎တို႔ဘဝမ်ားႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္ေသာ စီးပြားေရးဆိုင္ရာ ထုတ္လုပ္မႈဝန္းက်င္ နယ္ပယ္ (ဥပမာ အလုပ္အကိုင္မ်ား၊ အလုပ္သမားေဈးကြက္ စသည္) ႏွင့္ ေန႔တစ္ဓူရွင္သန္မႈဝန္းက်င္ နယ္ပယ္ (ဥပမာ ေန႔စဥ္စားဝတ္ေနေရး ဖူလုံေရး၊ ကေလးသူငယ္ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရး၊ က်န္းမာေရးေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရး၊ ပင္စင္ စသည္) တို႔တြင္ အေျပာင္းအလဲမ်ား ျဖစ္ေစခဲ့ပါသည္။ ယခုအစီရင္ခံစာသည္ အလုပ္သမားမ်ား၏ လူမႈစီးပြားေရးဆိုင္ရာအက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မႈမ်ား အထူးသျဖင့္ ၎တို႔၏ ေနသာထိုင္သာရွိမႈအေျခအေန အေပၚေလ့လာထားပါသည္။ ယခုအစီရင္ခံစာတြင္ ေ႐ႊ႕ေျပာင္းအလုပ္သမားမ်ားသည္ မည္သူမ်ားျဖစ္သည္၊ အဘယ္ေၾကာင့္ ေ႐ႊ႕ေျပာင္းအလုပ္လုပ္ရသည္၊ ၎တို႔၏ အေျခအေနမ်ားအေပၚ မည္ကဲ့သို႔ရႈျမင္ၾကသည္အေပၚ သုံးသပ္ ေဆြးေႏြးထားပါသည္။ ၎တို႔တစ္ဦးခ်င္းစီ၏ ဘဝဇာတ္ေၾကာင္းမ်ားကိုလည္း မီးေမွာင္းထိုးျပထားပါသည္။ ထိုကဲ့သို႔ တစ္ဦးခ်င္းစီ၏ ဇာတ္ေၾကာင္းမ်ားကို အထူးတင္ျပျခင္းျဖင့္ အစားအစာ၊ ခိုလႈံရာေနရာ၊ အဝတ္အစား၊ က်န္းမာေရး၊ ပညာေရး စသည့္ အေျခခံလိုအပ္ခ်က္မ်ားကို ၎တို႔မွ လက္လွမ္းမွီႏိုင္မႈအေပၚ အက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မႈရွိသည့္ ေနာက္ခံ အေၾကာင္းရင္းမ်ား ႏွင့္ ထိုမွတဆင့္ မည္သည့္အေျခအေနမ်ားေၾကာင့္ လက္ရွိအလုပ္အကိုင္ေနရာႏွင့္ အလုပ္အကိုင္အမ်ိဳးအစား ကို ေ႐ြးခ်ယ္ခဲ့သည္ကို သိျမင္လာႏိုင္သည္။ 

  19. View over Loikaw, capital of Karenni (Kayah) State

    Earning Credentials: A Karenni perspective on the future of Burma/Myanmar

    17 သြဂုတ်လ 2021
    Article

    Since the February coup by the State Administration Council, conflict has spread in many parts of the country. In this commentary Khun Bedu explains why Karenni (Kayah) State is a critical example of political developments underway. Popular resistance is continuing. And, with the UN General Assembly soon to meet, a key moment is approaching to decide which is the legitimate government that represents the people.

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