ရှာလို့ရသောရလဒ်များ

61 items
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    Drugs and Conflict in Burma (Myanmar)

    • Martin Jelsma, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    15 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2003
    Policy briefing

    This issue of Drugs & Conflict tries to bring nuance to the polarised debate on the Rangoon-focussed political agenda, the demonising of the ceasefire groups and repressive drug policy approaches.

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    Downward Spiral

    • Martin Jelsma, Tom Kramer
    17 ဇွန်လ 2005
    Policy briefing

    Opium farmers in Afghanistan and Burma are coming under huge pressure as local authorities implement bans on the cultivation of poppy.

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    Trouble in the Triangle

    • Martin Jelsma, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    22 ဇူလိုင်လ 2005
    Book

    A collection of ten papers that analyse the relationship between drugs and conflict in Burma and the consequences of the Burmese illicit drugs economy for neighbouring countries.

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    HIV/AIDS and Drug Use in Burma/Myanmar

    01 မေလ 2006

    The increasing number of injecting drug users (IDUs) and the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in Burma presents one of the most serious health threats to the population in the country, and also to the region at large. Infection rates among IDUs in Burma are among the highest in the world. The international community needs to make a firm commitment to stem the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Burma and should ensure sufficient and long-term financial support for HIV/AIDS and harm reduction programmes.

     

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    The United Wa State Party

    • Tom Kramer
    10 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2007
    Report

    This monograph argues that although the United Wa State Party (UWSP) has been branded by the international community as a "narco-trafficking army;' the organization has an ethnic nationalist agenda whose aim is to build a Wa state within Burma.

  6. Withdrawal Symptoms in the Golden Triangle

    09 ဇန်နဝါရီလ 2009
    Report

    Drug control agencies have called the significant decline in opium production in Southeast Asia over the past decade a 'success story'. This report casts serious doubts on the claim noting that Southeast Asia suffers from a variety of 'withdrawal symptoms' that leave little reason for optimism.

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    From Golden Triangle to Rubber Belt?

    • Tom Kramer
    01 ဇူလိုင်လ 2009
    Policy briefing

    In the Kokang and Wa regions in northern Burma opium bans have ended poppy cultivation, but have caused chronic poverty and food insecurity as a result.

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    Burma: Neither War Nor Peace

    05 ဇူလိုင်လ 2009
    Report

    Whilst a twenty year ceasefire still holds, there is unlikely to be peace and democracy in Burma without a political settlement that addresses ethnic minority needs and goals.

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    Burma's Cease-fires at Risk

    • Tom Kramer
    15 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2009

    In August the Burma army occupied the Kokang region after several days of fighting, ending two decades of cease-fire with the ethnic minority group. The resumption of fighting in northern Burma raises speculation about the other cease-fires. Tensions are rising and the cease-fire groups have put their armed forces on high alert.

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    Burma in 2010: A Critical Year in Ethnic Politics

    08 ဇွန်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    Resolution of Burma's longstanding ethnic crises is integral to the achievement of real peace, democracy and constitutional government

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    Burma’s 2010 Elections: Challenges and Opportunities

    08 ဇွန်လ 2010
    Policy briefing

    The election process in Burma represents the most significant political transformation for a generation

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    Unlevel Playing Field: Burma’s Election Landscape

    30 စက်တင်ဘာလ 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Opposition parties participating in the process view boycotting the elections as a strategic mistake. The only way forward for them is to play a better game of chess, making the best strategic use of the limited space available."

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    Alternative Development or Business as Usual?

    • Drugs and Democracy
    15 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2010
    Policy briefing

    The Chinese Government's opium substitution programmes in northern Burma and Laos have prompted a booming rubber industry, but the beneficiaries have been a small few with many others losing their lands as a result.

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    A Changing Ethnic Landscape: Analysis of Burma's 2010 Polls

    14 ဒီဇင်ဘာလ အသုံးပြု စကားစု - လအမည် အပြည့်အစုံ 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Burma is at a critical juncture in its history. The transition to a form of civilian government and constitutional rule is underway, however imperfect it may be."

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    Ethnic Politics in Burma: The Time for Solutions

    14 ဖေဖေါ်ဝါရီလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Following the shake-up of Burmese politics last year, the country's military leaders now face the challenge of introducing a new system while ethnic tensions and exclusions remain.

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    Burma's Longest War: Anatomy of the Karen Conflict

    • Ashley South
    28 မတ်လ 2011

    As Burma enters a period of political transition, the role of the Karen ethnic communities will be critical in responding to the political and economic challenges that will shape their future. An in-depth history and analysis of the Karen's complex relationship with the Burmese state and central government.

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    Conflict or Peace? Ethnic Unrest Intensifies in Burma

    23 ဇွန်လ 2011
    Policy briefing

    The breakdown in the ceasefire of the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) with the central government represents a major failure in national politics and threatens to escalate to serious humanitarian crisis if not immediately addressed.

  18. Amphetamine Type Stimulants and Harm Reduction

    10 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Little is known about the methamphetamine market in East and Southeast Asia, but there are strong indications that the situation is deteriorating with substances becoming stronger, methods of use more harmful and the number of users steadily increasing. There is an urgent need for donors and governments to introduce effective harm reduction measures.
     

  19. Amphetamine Type Stimulants and Harm Reduction

    • Tom Blickman
    10 အောက်တိုဘာလ 2011
    Policy briefing

    Little is known about the methamphetamine market in East and Southeast Asia, but there are strong indications that the situation is deteriorating with substances becoming stronger, methods of use more harmful and the number of users steadily increasing. There is an urgent need for donors and governments to introduce effective harm reduction measures.
     

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    Civil Society Gaining Ground

    • Tom Kramer
    15 နိုဝင်ဘာလ 2011
    Report

    Local organisations have adopted different strategies towards the authoritarian government in Burma. Focussing on the dynamics of civil society Tom Kramer looks into the possibilities and risks of growing international interest in engagement with these groups.

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