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26 items
  1. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    Beyond Panglong: Myanmar’s National Peace and Reform Dilemma

    19 September 2017
    Policy briefing

    As ethnic conflict and refugee displacement continue in Myanmar’s borderlands, the country now stands at a crossroads. After decades under military rule, the 21st Century Panglong Conference has been welcomed as the most important initiative to achieve countrywide peace and political reform since the Panglong Conference of February 1947. Worrying failings, however, are starting to appear, raising many warnings from the country’s troubled history.

  2. Displaced Karenni villagers

    Re-Asserting Control: Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar

    23 May 2017
    Policy briefing

    For people affected by displacement, land is much more than just an economic asset. Being able to return to one’s original place is a deeply felt aspiration about restoring the social relations that constitute a person’s identity. The long-standing displacement of people, land-grabbing and non-existence of rights to land in many parts of the country mean that land reform and land restitution must be a central issue in any peace settlement. What happens today with the land is inextricably tied to the country’s future prospects for peace and democracy.

  3. The China-Myanmar border at Muse-Ruili/ TNI

    China’s Engagement in Myanmar: From Malacca Dilemma to Transition Dilemma

    18 July 2016
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar’s political transition, which began in 2011, has brought China’s relationship with the country into question. China has made important steps to recognise this, but fundamental difficulties remain, including ongoing ethnic conflict and conflicting visions of development. Given their proximity and troubled histories, it is essential that good relations are developed between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual respect. This briefing outlines the key histories, developments and strategies in recent Myanmar-China relations.

  4. အမ်ိဳးသမီးမပါဘဲ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈမရွိႏိုင္ - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္း က်ား/မတန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ၊ စစ္မက္ပ႗ိပကၡႏွင့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး

    23 May 2016
    Policy briefing

    ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္မႈႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ က်ား/မေရးရာကိစၥ၊ တုိင္းရင္း သားအေရးႏွင့္ အျခား သ႐ုပ္လကၡဏာမ်ား အၾကား ဆက္စပ္ပတ္သက္ေနမႈမ်ားကုိ ပုိမုိနားလည္သေဘာေပါက္ ရန္ လုိအပ္ေနသည္မွာ ၾကာၿပီျဖစ္သည္။ ႏုိင္ငံအတြင္း ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခုိင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္း ေရးႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီစနစ္ကုိ တည္ေဆာက္ရန္ ပဋိပကၡ ေျဖရွင္းမႈႏွင့္ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္အဆင့္ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈတြင္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား၏ ပါဝင္မႈႏွင့္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ႏွင့္ပတ္သက္သည့္ တုိးတက္မႈအေျခ အေနသည္ အေရးပါလွပါသည္။

  5. No Women, No Peace: Gender Equality, Conflict and Peace in Myanmar

    13 January 2016
    Policy briefing

    There has long been a need for a deeper understanding of the intersections of gender, ethnicity and other identities in peace-building and democratisation. Progress on the rights of women and the participation by women’s organisations in conflict resolution and national reform are vital if sustainable peace and democracy are to be built within the country.

  6. The 2015 General Election in Myanmar: What Now for Ethnic Politics?

    21 December 2015

    Although the elections were peaceful, significant conflict continued in parts of the Shan and Kachin states. The expectations on the new government are extraordinarily high and all of the challenges facing the country remain as difficult to address as ever.

  7. ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ၏ ၂ဝ၁၅ အေထြေထြေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ တုိင္းရင္းသားႏုိင္ငံေရးအတြက္ လက္ရွိအေျခအေနက ဘယ္လုိလဲ။

    21 December 2015
    Policy briefing

    ေရြးေကာက္ ပြဲမ်ားမွာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာၿပီးဆုံးခဲ့ေသာ္ျငားလည္း ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ႏွင့္ ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္၏ အစိတ္အပုိင္းမ်ားတြင္ ႀကီးမားသည့္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားဆက္လက္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည္။ အစိုးရအသစ္အေပၚ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းထားခ်က္မ်ား မွာ အဆမတန္ ျမင့္မားလြန္းလွပါျပီး ႏုိင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ ရင္ဆုိင္ေနရသည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ား အားလုံးကုိ ကုိင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းရန္မွာလည္း လြန္စြာခက္ခဲလွပါသည္။

  8. Ethnic Politics and the 2015 Elections in Myanmar

    08 September 2015
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar is heading to the polls in November 2015, with an expected shift in power from the old elite to the opposition National League for Democracy (NLD). However it remains unclear whether the new political space created by the transition away from military rule will bring significant legislative power to ethnic nationality-based parties.

  9. Military Confrontation or Political Dialogue

    17 July 2015
    Policy briefing

    At a time of critical political transition in Myanmar, failure to address the root causes of armed conflict and to create an inclusive political process to solve nationality grievances is only likely to have a very detrimental impact on the prospects for peace, democracy and development

  10. 军事对峙还是政治对话

    17 July 2015
    Policy briefing

    在缅甸正处在关键政治转型的时候,政府如果不能应对武装冲突的根源并建立具有包容性的政治进程来解决民族怨愤,只会给缅甸和平、民主、和发展的前景造成十分不利的影响。

  11. Political Reform and Ethnic Peace in Burma/Myanmar

    08 April 2015
    Policy briefing

    For many citizens a countdown begins to a crucial general election later this year, with warnings of a halt in reform momentum and a more troubling reality behind many of the socio-political changes in the country.

  12. Ethnicity without Meaning, Data without Context

    24 February 2014
    Policy briefing

    The 2014 Population and Housing Census is the most significant ethnic and political boundary-making exercise since 1931, however its colonial-era designations and simplifications are likely to raise ethnic tensions at a critical time in the peace process.

  13. Burma’s Ethnic Challenge: From Aspirations to Solutions

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    11 October 2013
    Report

    “Important steps have been made in national reconciliation during the past two years. But promises and ceremonies will never be enough. The long-standing aspirations of Burma’s peoples for peace and justice must find solutions during the present time of national transition.”

  14. Access Denied: Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    08 May 2013
    Policy briefing

    The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities.

  15. ျငင္းပယ္ခံရလ်က္ရွိသည့္ ရယူသံုးစြဲပိုင္ခြင့္ - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ ေျမယာအခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ တိုင္းရင္းသားပဋိပကၡ

    08 May 2013
    Policy briefing

    ေျမယာႏွင့္ ရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံမႈဥပေဒသစ္မ်ားသည္ အႀကီးစားရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံသူ စီးပြားေရး လုပ္ငန္းရွင္မ်ားကိုသာ အက်ိဳးျပဳလ်က္ရွိၿပီး အထူးသျဖင့္ လူနည္းစု တိုင္းရင္းသား ေဒသမ်ားရွိ အေသးစားတစ္ႏိုင္တစ္ပိုင္ေတာင္သူမ်ားကို အက်ိဳးျဖစ္ထြန္းေစျခင္း မရွိသည့္အျပင္ တိုင္းရင္းသားရပ္ရြာလူထုမ်ား၏ ေျမယာအခြင့္အေရးကိုလည္း ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစားထားျခင္းမရွိေပ။

  16. The Kachin Crisis: Peace Must Prevail

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    08 March 2013
    Policy briefing

    As 2012 progressed, perceptions of the real nature of change under the Thein Sein government were challenged by a series of disturbing events in which serious violence and mass displacement of civilians occurred in several parts of the country.

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    Burma at the Crossroads

    05 June 2012
    Policy briefing

    The people of Burma are at a critical juncture in their struggle for democracy and ethnic reform. Decisions taken by leading parties and protagonists in the months ahead could well define the direction of national politics for many years to come.

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    Ending Burma’s Conflict Cycle?

    21 February 2012
    Policy briefing

    Peace does not just involve the government and ethnic armed opposition groups, but involves all of Burma's citizens.

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    Conflict or Peace? Ethnic Unrest Intensifies in Burma

    23 June 2011
    Policy briefing

    The breakdown in the ceasefire of the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) with the central government represents a major failure in national politics and threatens to escalate to serious humanitarian crisis if not immediately addressed.

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