Social division of labor in rural spaces in Brazil:

Memory and history of the expansion of rural social movements and disputes over hegemony
13 October 2017

This study presents analysis about the course of the agrarian conflicts that existed in Brazil from the 1940s until 2015, which placed in the political-ideological centrality the forces existing in the Brazilian rural sphere.

Two paths were crossed. a) Social division of labor (Mészáros, 2004) in the rural area due the expansion of big rural properties, transforming land of work into land of business, opening a sequence of conflicts with peasants. b) The second path covered refers to the analysis of data collected and organized by the Pastoral Land Commission (CPT in Portuguese), identifying agrarian conflicts in Brazil since 1985. The data offered, until the year 2015, served as a meeting point to the history of Brazil, marked by its contradictions and memories, which at the same time, remaining alive, as if it is willing to continue to be an eternal present (Jameson, 1996), through its structures of spoliation and conflict. Brazil entered the 21 st century with large debts to be paid related to the 19 th century. One of the biggest debits is the land issue. A question derived from these struggles, and not very simple to answer, is: the number of families and areas involved in the conflicts changes the national land structure in its productive and political aspects? Nowadays, these actions are organized by historical subjects, transforming individual demands into collective proposals in which social subjects perceive themselves as a political force and consolidate knowledge in a permanent educational process. Conflict data registered by the CPT (1985-2016) indicate that there was no change in popular demands for land property and use, and this may also indicate that there was no change in the Brazilian land structure.